精锐教育 1 对 3 辅导讲义 学员姓名： 年 授课日期 主 题 1.掌握情态动词的基本用法； 学习目标 教学内容 2. 掌握不同情态动词之间的区别； 3.能在具体的语境中选用正确的情态动词。
级：七升八 2017 年 7 月 4 日 时 情态动词 间 学科教师： 辅导科目：英语 15:00-17:00 【知识梳理 1】Can/May/Must 情态动词 用法 can’t/couldn’t 表示否定猜测 could 也可用于现在时， 表示婉转 语气。
may/might 表示肯定猜测, “可能，也许” “must”表示肯定猜测, “一定”; must/have to “have to” 译为“不得不” mustn’t “禁止、不准” 【例题精讲】 1. — May I go to the cinema, mum? — Certainly, but you ________ e back by 11 o‘clock. A. can A. Can 【巩固练习】 I. 用 can 或 be able to 填空: 1) He _____________ drive but he hasn't got a car. 2) I can't understand Jack. I've never_______________understand him. 3) I used to _______________ stand on my head but I can't do it now. 4) I can't see you on Friday but I________________meet you on Saturday morning. 1 / 24 例句 The story cannot be true. She can‘t make a mistake. —Could I use your bicycle? —Yes, of course, you can. He may/might be at home. The light in his room is still on. He must be at home. You‘ll have to go there at once. Cars must not be parked here. can/could =be able to do B. may B. May C. Must C. must --- No, you needn't. D. Should D. need 2. --- ____________ we finish the work today?
5) Ask Jane about your problem. She might_________________help you. II. 选择最佳答案填空： 1)— May I take this magazine out of the reading room? — _________________ . Please read it here. A. Certainly A. may not see B. No, you needn't B. cannot be seen C. No, you can't C. mustn't be seen D. No, you may not D. needn't see 2) Many of the stars _________________because they are far away from us. 3)— Who is the man over there? Is it Mr. Li? — No, it ________________ be him. Mr. Li is much taller. A. can't A. must B. may not B. have to C. mustn't C. need to D. needn't D. can 4) I have my own room in my house, so I _________________ do whatever I want in it. 5) — _________________ I speak to Jill, Mrs. Black? — Sorry, she's not in. She ________________ be back after five. A. May; need B. Can; may C. Can; must D. Must; may 6) — Would you like to go swimming with me this afternoon? — I'd love to. But I'm afraid I _________________ . I have too much work to do. A. can't B. mustn't C. needn't D. may not 7) — Could I borrow your dictionary? — Yes, of course you ___________________ . A. might A. can A. may A. Need — Sure. Here you are. A. May A. must; can A. must be B. Should B. must; may B. should be C. Must C. need; can C. may be D. Would D. can; may D. can be 12) Y ou _______________ go and ask Meimei. She ______________ know the answer. 13) I'm not sure if I'll be free then. I _________________ working that weekend. 14) — ________________ I visit Lucy on Sunday, Mum? —Yes, you ________________ . A. Must; can B. May; may C. Need; need D. May; need 15) Peter________________ come with us tonight, but he isn't very sure yet. 2 / 24 B. will B. could B. could B. Could C. can C. might C. can C. Must D. should D. was able D. is able D. Should 8) Mike's car broke down but luckily he_____________ to repair it. 9) She didn't know where she _________________ find wild roses. 10) ________________ you pass me a pen? I'd like to write down the telephone number. 11) —________________ I borrow your MP3?
A. must 【知识梳理 2】need 的用法 B. may C. can D. will 2. 否定形式： needn’t do; don’t need to do; 1. 肯定形式： need do sth. ； need to do; need sth. Plant needs water. We need to work harder. don’t need sth. You needn‘t get up so early because it is Sunday today. = You don‘t need to get up so early because it is Sunday today. I don‘t need much bread as I have had enough 【例题精讲】 例 1. You ___________ finish your homework before dinner. A. needn't A. can't, needn't 【巩固练习】 1. We ___________ to come to school yesterday morning. A. need not B.didn't need C. don‘t need D.need to 2. You __________ worry about it. I'll do my best to help you. A. needn't to A. may 4. — B. don't need B. should C. not need C. can D. don't need to D. need 3. We ___________ keep the new traffic law and learn how to protect ourselves. I park my car here? B. Need... may not B. don‘t need to B. may not C. May... can‘t C. don‘t need C. needn't C. needn‘t C. not need C. need D. May... needn‘t D. not need D. mustn't D. needs D. need to D. doesn‘t need B. don't need C. needn't to D. not need to D) can, needn't 例 2. They ___________ work out the problem. You _________ help them. B. should, needn't C may not, needn't —Sorry, I‘m afraid you . Can you see the sign ―No Parking‖ here? A. Can... can A. needn‘t A. don't 5. We __________ any drink. You‘d better buy some fruit and vegetables. 6. We _____ talk or speak loudly in public places, such as hospitals, libraries or cinemas. 7. Grandpa ______ to water the flowers now. It‘s going to rain soon. A. isn‘t needingB. doesn‘t need A don‘t need A. don‘t need B. needn‘t B. needn‘t 8 . Tom will help you finish the work on time. So you ______ worry about it. 9. You __________any help, do you? 10. ---Must I stay at the office this afternoon? 3 / 24
---No, you ___________. A. don‘t B. needn‘t C. don‘t need D. need not C. needn't C. not needD. need D. shouldn't D. can‘t 11. The hotel is only 1 mile away, you ______ take a bus. A. need not to B. not need to C. don't need A. can't A. needn't B. mustn't B. don't need 12. You ___________ drive so fast, for we have enough time to arrive at the station. 13. My teacher said to me with a smile, "Well, you _______to worry about your lessons." 14. --- Must we hand in the exercise book now? ---No, you ______, you can hand in it tomorrow. A. mustn‘t B. needn‘t C. can‘t D. shouldn‘t 15. A: ______I go to the airport to see Uncle David off tomorrow morning. B: No, you needn‘t. You may join us if you want to. A.Must B. Need C. Should D. May 【知识梳理 3】Should/Ought to/ Used to 的用法 情态动词 will/would 用法 “Will/Would like to do…”; “Will/Would you please do…” 表示“不可推卸的义务或责任” should/ought to 表示劝告或建议时, ≈had better 例句 "Will you pass me the sauce, please? Every student should obey the school rules. He ought not (oughtn‘t) to drink too much. We ought to start at once. =We had better start at once. We shouldn‘t eat too much fr food. =We‘d better not eat too much fr food. used to do used to They used to live in the countryside. He didn‘t use to drink. I‘m not used to getting up early. You‘ll soon get used to Chinese food. Trees are used to produce paper. Fur is used for making coats. I said I would support them. ( = I said, ―I will support them be/get used to (doing) sth. be used to do be used for doing 【巩固练习】Should/Ought to 1. He eat so greedily. A. shouldn‘t to 2. — —Sure. A. Will A. can you —Not at all. 4 / 24 B. ought to not C. ought not D. oughtn't to you please take a message for him? B. Shall B. will you C. Ought C. do you D. Should D. don‘t you 3. Please erase the words and phrases from the blackboard after class, ___________? 4. — you turning down the radio a bit?
A. Would... mind —Yes, you ought. A. Do…ought —Yes, please. A. Had. . . better B. Would…like C. Will…you D. Had... better 5. — I go there alone? B. Will…ought C. Ought... to D. Ought…/ 6. — you to have some pudding? B. Ought.../ C. Would…like B. not pretend…send D. Would…mind 7. You‘d better you know when you don‘t and it‘s better for an electrician. A. not to pretend... to send C. not to pretend…sendD. not pretend…to send 8. —Shall I tell Michael about the news? —No, you . He‘s already known it. A. can‘t —No, you________. A. needn‘t B. can‘t C. shouldn‘t D. mustn‘t 10. —Is Lucy knocking at the door? —No. It ________ be Lucy. She is in Japan now. A. needn‘t B. must C. can‘t D. may 11. —Another cup of coffee? —No, thanks. I _____ be off. Mary is waiting for me. A. can B. may C. must D. might 12. —I‘m a little tired. Let‘s go to the zoo by taxi. —We ______ take a taxi. It‘s not far from here. A. can‘t A. don‘t B. mustn‘t B. mustn‘t C. couldn‘t C. needn‘t D. needn‘t D. wouldn‘t 13. If the traffic light is red, you ________ cross the road. It‘s very dangerous. 14. —Must I finish watering the flowers now? —No, you________. A. must B. won‘t C. needn‘t D. can‘t 15. —I can‘t give up smoking, doctor. —For your health, I‘m afraid you ________. A. may 【巩固练习】Used to 1. I work very late at night when I was young, but now I go to bed early. A. used to A. get …rise B. am used B. getting... rise C. am used to C. getting... rising D. used D. get... rising 2. I used to up late in the morning when I was in college, but now I‘m used to early. 3. There used to be a small wooden bridge over the river,? 5 / 24 B. mustn‘t C. needn‘t D. don‘t 9. —Must I mop up the window now? B. can C. have to D. must
A. didn‘t it A. use A. use to A. use to seeing A. use A. use A. used A. used she A. used to; is used to B. wasn‘t there B. used B. used to B. used to seeing B. used B. were used B. used to B. doesn‘t she C. did there C. are used C. am used C. use to see C. used to C. are used C. used to be C. did she B. is used to; used to D. used to; used to C. to use C. been use C. be used to building B. been used to having a walk D. been used for having a walk D. didn‘t there D. is used D. am used to D. used to see D. are used to D. used D. used to being D. didn‘t she 4. Glue and tape to stick things together. 5.I‘ve lived in Paris for six years now, so I the traffic. 6.We get so advertisement everywhere that they become largely invisible. 7. The firemen water to put out fire. 8.People to crossing the river by ferry, but now here is a bridge. 9.The train service is better than it . 10. Mary used to have milk and bread for breakfast, ____? 11. My uncle ____ go to work on foot, but now he ____ going to work by motorcycle. C. is used to; is used to 12. What did they ____ to do at the age of 19? A. to used A. used to A. used to build A. use to have a walk C. been use to have a walk B. used B. been used to B. be used to build D. use D. be used to D. used for building 13. My brother has been in London for ten years. Now he has ____ the climate there. 14. Stone can ____ bridges. 15. Have you ____ after supper? 【知识梳理 4】知识点 1：阅读四选一考查的主要内容专题知识梳理 1）考查掌握所读材料的主旨和大意的能力 此类考查主旨和大意的题大多数针对段落（或短文）的主题，主题思想，标题或目的，其主要提问方式是： a. Which is the best title of the passage? b. Which of the following is this passage about? c. In this passage the writer tries to tell us that______. d. The passage tells us that______. e. This passage mainly talks about_______. 2）考查把握文章的事实和细节的能力 此类考查事实和细节的题目大多数是针对文章的细节设计的，其主要提问方式是： a. Which of the following is right? b. Which of the following is not mentioned? 6 / 24