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2018年初中英语阅读理解解题技巧

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初中英语阅读理解 (一)先读问题,弄清考查要点,以便能带着问题看文章,心中有数,有的放矢。

(二)快速浏览全文,掌握全貌,注意发现与问题有关的信息,如果时间紧,至少要扫视一下起首段和 尾段。

再把标题和文章内容结合起来想一想,这样全文大意便清楚了。

(三)细读原文,捕捉相关信息词,掌握短文细节内容 典型例题分析 (一) Mr Brown first went to look at the underground - fire when he was seven. "Through the hole (洞) in the earth you could see the orange fire, but you had to look fast because it was so hot," said Mr Brown. In 1898, he saw the fire once more(再一次). Now, we can only see the smoke. The fire Mr Brown saw is not the underground - fire. In fact, there are 260 coal(煤)fires in the world. They are harmful(有害)and dangerous. Then how to put them out? Scientists have tr to set(放置)fire to underground coal to speed up(加速)the fires. In this way, the burning(燃烧)of underground coal would be soon finished.(被烧完) 。

1. Mr Brown first saw the underground - fire ________. A. at the age of seven B. seven years old C. in the year of 1898 D. more than(超过)80 years ago 2. Mr Brown said that we had to take a fast look at the fire because ________. A. it was in the hole B. it was very hot C. it was orange D. it was harmful 3. How many coal fires are there in the world? A. There's only one. B. It's hard to say. C. There are 260.D. The article(文章)doesn't tell us. 4. What’s one of the best ways to put out(扑灭)the underground fire? A. To cover(覆盖)the holes with stones(石块).B. To speed up the fires. C. To see the fires burning. D. To do some experiments(试验). 5. What is the best title(标题)for the article? A. Watching the Underground - Fire. B. A Way to Put Out the Coal Fires. C. The Burning Earth. D. Coal and Coal Fires. (二)根据文章内容判断正误 Fred telephoned his wife. “I’ve got two free tickets for the theatre tonight,” he told her. “Meet me outside the office. We’ll have something to eat and then go on to the theatre.” Fred’s wife was very pleased. They hadn’t been to the theatre for a long time. She met her husband as he told her. They had dinner and got to the theatre just in time. At the entrance Fred took out his wallet to get the tickets. “It’s very strange,” he said. “They aren’t here!” “Try your pockets,” said his wife. But the tickets weren’t there, either. Then Fred looked very embarrassed (尴尬). “What’s the matter?” asked his wife. “Well,” Fred said, “I remember what I did with my tickets. I put them in my bag. But because I wasn’t going home, I left it in the office!” ( ) 1. One day, Fred was given the tickets for the theatre. ( ) 2. Fred and his wife went to the theatre quite often. ( ) 3. Fred wanted to meet his wife in a restaurant. ( ) 4. They reached the theatre neither late nor early. ( ) 5. Then Fred couldn’t find his tickets and remembered what he had done with the tickets. (三)阅读下面短文,然后回答文后问题。

Taking exams always makes me nervous.What about you? Here are some suggestions that my friend offers 1

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me. Preparing for exams The most important part of preparing for an exam is to know what to study.Review subjects you've spent a long time on during classes,look through what you were asked to read and topics of essays and homework, or ask your teachers to see if they can give a few suggestions.Once you know what to study,the next is to know how to study. Arriving at an exam How you arrive at an exam will decide how you take your exam.Be sure to arrive:Early. With a full stomach. Well rested.With all the things you will need for the exam. Having your own exam habits .Before you begin your exam, be sure to: Set up your things close by. Put your name and other identification information on your exam-answer sheet. Read all the directions.Make a brief plan about how you will divide your time between sections. Take a few deep breaths every time you feel nervous. If you prepare well for your exam, arrive confidently and settle in before you begin. Don't spend more time on a question that you should unless you're ahead of schedule(时间表). 根据短文内容,回答下面的问题。

1.What is the most important before you take an exam? _________________________________________________________ 2.Should you arrive at an exam early or on time? _________________________________________________________ 3.What should you do if you feel nervous just before an exam? _________________________________________________________ 4.How would you feel if you got everything ready? _________________________________________________________ 三、题材分析 (一)家庭、朋友与个人情况 1990 was a significant year in world events.In February,Nelson Mandela was set free after 27 years in prison.In October,East and West Germany became one country again.Then at the end of 1990,the World Wide Web was born. For this final event we have one man to thank, Tim Berners Lee, the father of the Web. Berners Lee was born on June 8,1955 in London,England.His parents,both computer designers, encouraged him to think and work creatively as he grew up.He was an excellent student and naturally took an interest in computers and science. After graduating from Oxford University , Tim went to work at a science research centre in Switzerland. There he developed some of the different systems that would later become the Web. The first was HTML, the computer language used to make web pages. The second was an address system that let computers anywhere find each other and send and receive information.In 1990,while still at the science centre in Switzerland,he put them together to make the first Internet browser(浏览器).It could run on any computer and allowed people to creat website to share their information with the rest of the world. Tim knew that the more people used the Web, the more useful it would be. He wasn't interested in money but knowledge,so he gave out his invention for free to anyone who was interested.Many were interested and the growth of the Internet began. Today Tim works as a professor at the MIT in America,researching new and interesting ways to use the Web.He has received many awards from governments and organizations for his efforts.He is still not very interested in money.That is why he is so admired by his students and workmates.It may also be one of the reasons that few people outside the world of technology know his name. 2

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( ) 1.The underlined word "significant" (in Paragraph 1) most probably means "_________". A.strange B.terrible C.important D.difficult ( ) 2.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A.The address system was used to make web pages. B.The World Wide Web was created in Switzerland. C.The first web browser was very expensive to buy. D.Many people could use the Internet before 1990. ( ) 3.What can we learn about Berners Lee from the passage? A.He was encouraged to be creative. B.He didn't do well at school. C.He is a very poor businessman. D.He is well known all over the world. ( ) 4.Where does Berners Lee live today? A.England. B.Switzerland. C.America. D.Canada. ( ) 5.What is the passage mainly about? A.The events that took place in 1990. B.The history of the Internet. C.The invention of the Internet browser.D.The man who created the Word Wide Web (二)学校生活与语言学习 校园生活与语言学习是中考阅读理解考查的一个热点话题,一方面与学生生活、学习、交流等息息 相关;另一方面,来自社会,紧贴社会生活,具有一定的时代感和现实意义。

这类话题多是说明文,做 题时要注意说明的对象、内容及说明方法。

这类题要注意每段话的开头部分,整体把握材料信息。

When you see the girl for the first time,you may think she is a boy.She is very outgoing(外向的).Who is she? Wang Meng,the Chinese top skater. On the evening of February 26th,2010,Wang Meng first got to the finishing line in 1 minute and 29.213 seconds in the women's 1000 meters short track speed skating final(短道速滑决赛) at the Vancouver Olympic Winter Games(温哥华冬奥会). After she succeeded in the 500-metre and 3000-metre races, she won her third gold medal this time. With this one China won four gold medals in the women's short track speed skating. That helped China first win the team gold medal in Winter Olympics history. Just before the final race Wang Meng caught a bad cold and coughed terribly. With the words of "You can, you can do!" she won at last.She said,"I really feel these three gold medals belong to my team,to China.It was with the help of my team that I won the prize." Though Wang Meng is only twenty-four,she has been the most successful Chinese skater.We are proud of her and her team.We hope she will be faster in Sochi Olympics in 2014. 阅读短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案。

( ) 1.China won gold medals in the women's short track speed skating. A.2 B.3 C.4 D.5 ( ) 2.It took Wang Meng 1 minute and 29.213 seconds to finish the short track speed skating final. A.women's 1000 B.men's 1000 C.women's 500 D.men's 500 ( ) 3.In Wang Meng's opinion,made her win the prize at last. A.a strong body B.a bad cold C.her team's help D.much exercise ( ) 4.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A.Wang Meng is very outgoing like a boy. B.Wang Meng is the most successful Chinese skater. C.Chinese people are proud of Wang Meng and her team. D.China has got the team gold medal twice in Winter Olympics history. 3

图3

(三)天气与自然 Earthquakes happen without warning(前兆).They can happen any time of a day,at any point during the year.When an earthquake is happening,you should know what you should do or not do. Do NOT go outside.You could get injured from falling glass or parts of buildings.If you are outside, stay away from buildings and power lines(输电线). Stay under a desk, table, or other strong furniture. Hold on to it. Or stay in a corner of the building. Cover your face and head with your arms and cover your mouth with a towel or clothing.Stay inside until shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Keep away from windows,pictures or advertisements on the wall or the building,and anything else that could fall and hurt you.Most people get injured by falling things during an earthquake,not by the shaking itself. Also keep away from a fire.You could fall down and burn yourself on the fire. If you are driving when an earthquake happens,stop the car if it's safe.Stay inside your car until the earthquake stops,and don't drive near bridges.Try not to stop by power lines or trees.These could fall and hurt you. 阅读短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案。

( ) 1.It isn't safe for you to _______ while the earthquake is happening. A.run out of the building B.stay in a corner of the building C.cover your head with your arms D.cover your mouth with a towel ( ) 2.From this passage,we know _______. A.many people fear earthquakes B.earthquakes maybe happen at any time C.we can't save ourselves in an earthquake D.people never get injured in earthquakes ( ) 3.The best title for this passage should be "_______". A.How Earthquakes Happen B.How to Drive a Car C.What We Should Do in Earthquakes D.Why Earthquakes Happen (四)历史与地理 本话题在中考中所占比例不多,在历史方面要注意历史发生的时间、地点、原因以及有何影响 等,而对地理知识的考查,一般多与旅游观光等内容相结合,这就要求我们了解各地的名胜古迹、遗址 等。

解题思路:熟悉文章,找准问题关键所在,提高解题速度和质量。

例如: On February 3rd, 1949, New York Harbor(港) was an exciting place. Many people were there to greet a ship from France.On the ship were 49 French railroad boxcars(火车车厢) filled with gifts from the people of France to the people of America.These boxcars were from the famous Merci Train (Merci,a French word meaning "thank you"). After world War Ⅱ(二战), a lot of factories, roads and farms in France had been destroyed. Many French people had no jobs or money and had little to wear and little to eat.In the winter of 1947,a train was sent across the United States, stopping in cities and towns along the way. At every stop, people gave whatever they could. Factories gave clothing and medicine. Farmers gave food. Families gave money. Even school children gave away their pocket money(零用钱).All the things were then taken to France by ship. By 1949,the French had begun to recover(恢复) from the war.The Merci Train was their way of saying "thank you" to America.French people had filled the boxcars with gifts.Most of them were personal,like hand-made toys,children's drawings,or postcards.But the boxcars themselves were perhaps the most meaningful of the gifts. On each car, the French people had painted the pictures of all their 40 provinces, with an American eagle on the front.The boxcars were taken to each state of America,where they were warmly greeted. 4

图4

Now many of the states still keep their boxcars.Gifts sent by the French people can still be seen in some museums.The Merci Train came out of the war,but it now reminds the world that countries can also work together in peace(和平). ( ) 1.Many people crowded at New York Harbor on February 3rd,1949 to ________. A.welcome the Merci Train B.meet their families C.have a big party D.start a trip by ship ( ) 2.In 1947,a train stopped in cities across America in order to ________. A.give away clothing and food B.get more soldiers for the war C.collect things to help French people D.show exhibitions from the museums ( ) 3.The underlined word "them" in Paragraph 3 refers to(指) ________. A.the American people B.the French people C.the boxcars D.the gifts ( ) 4. The French people painted their 40 provinces and an American eagle on each boxcar because _______. A.they thought France was stronger than America B.it could show the friendship between the two countries C.the boxcars would be more beautiful D.they were very good at painting pictures ( ) 5.The passage is mainly about _______. A.the story of the Merci Train B.American museums where the boxcars are kept C.gifts that American people liked D.World War Ⅱ (五)社会万象 在中考阅读理解中,本话题包括的题材很多,它们来自生活,来自社会,针对这些题材要求抓住关 键的句子和一些与考查内容有关的问题所在,这样便于我们解题时“顺藤摸瓜” ,找出问题的答案。

这 种题型一般是对文章理解能力的考查,抓住文章的关键句和关键词是非常重要的。

解题思路: 看清题干, 明确把握问题指向, 带着问题读文章, 避免 “回视” 现象, 提高做题的速度, 提高解题质量。

例如: In most cultures,when you meet people you know for the first time during a day,it is usual to greet them. Once a young woman from England went to Hong Kong to work. When she first arrived, she knew little about the Chinese culture of language.On her way to school one day,she went to a bank to get some money. To her surprise, the bank clerk asked her if she had had her lunch. She was surprised at such a question because in the British culture it would mean an invitation to lunch.Between unmarr young people it can also mean the young man's interest in dating the girl. Since this bank clerk was a stranger to the British woman, she was very puzzled,and quickly answered that she had eaten already.After this she went on to school and was even more surprised when one of the teachers asked her the same question. By now she understood that it could not be an invitation but was puzzled as to why they asked it.In the following days she was asked the same question again and again and she spent many hours trying to work out why so many people kept asking her this.At last she thought that these people must be concerned about(关心) her health. She was rather thin at the time, and she thought they must be worrying that she was not eating well! In fact the question like that has no real meaning at all — it is only a greeting. 根据短文内容,判断句子的正误,正确的在括号内写“T” ,错误的写“F” 。

( ) 1.The young British woman went to Hong Kong for work. ( ) 2.The British woman went to the bank to get some money. ( ) 3.The bank clerk invited the young British woman to lunch. ( ) 4.The teacher's question made the British woman happy. ( ) 5.In fact the young British woman didn't know much about Chinese culture. 5

图5

实战练习 1 My brother, Henry, has a good job at a bank. I couldn't believe him when he told me that he had decided to give it up.Though I tr to make him change his mind,I failed completely. "You should reconsider your decision," I said,"You have already spent five years in the bank and you could have a wonderful future.You might become a bank manager by the time you are thirty-five." "I know," Henry answered,"I have got no complaints with the bank.It is a pleasant job.The bank manager told me my future was good." "Then why do you want to leave?" I asked. "It's the money," Henry said. "But you are getting a good salary." I answered. "I don't mean that, " Henry said, "What do I do in the bank? Well, at the moment all I do is to count money. I found it very depressing." "What is depressing about counting money?" I asked. "You don't understand," Henry answered,"I enjoying counting my own money,but I hate counting other people's!" ( ) 1.The writer wants to know ________. A.what his brother does at the bank. B.how long his brother has worked at the bank C.why his brother has decided to leave the bank D.when his brother will become a bank manager ( ) 2.His brother does not enjoy ________. A.working in pleasant conditions B.keeping happy hours C.counting his own money D.counting other people's money ( ) 3.You should reconsider your decision.Here the word "reconsider" means "________". A.think of B.think C.think over again D.think better of ( ) 4.From the writer's words we know the bank pays his brother ________ for his work. A.a good salary B.as much money as the manager's C.no money D.not much money ( ) 5.The best title for this story is _______. A.A Good Job B.The Wonderful Future C.Money Problem D.Change In Mind 2 Last spring I was walking in a park.In front of me there was a mum and her 3-year-old daughter.The little girl was holding a string(线),which had a balloon at the other end. All of a sudden,a light wind took the balloon away from the little girl.I thought she would cry. But,no! As the little girl turned to watch her balloon rise to the sky,she cheerfully shouted out "Wow!" That little girl taught me something. Later that day, I received a phone call from my friend, he told me an unexpected problem.I felt l replying with "Oh no,what should we do?" But remembering that little girl, I found myself saying,"Wow,that is interesting! How can I help you?" One thing is for sure — life is always going to make us face unexpected problems.However,how to deal with them is our choice.We can choose to be annoyed or interested. No matter what the situation is,a "Wow!" will always beat "Oh,no." So the next time you meet one of life's unexpected guests,remember that little girl and make it a "Wow!" experience.The "Wow!" always works. ( ) 1.Who was holding a string with a balloon? A.The writer.B.The mother C.The little girl. D.My friend. ( ) 2.What did the girl do when the balloon rose to the sky? 6

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