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2018人教新目标版八年级下册英语复习讲义全册

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新目标八年级下册讲义 班级:__________ 姓名:__________ 一单元重点必背 一单元 单词讲解 1. will –过去式------ ___________. 2 . everything + adj 此结构叫____________ + adj 3. robot rob robber 4. paper ”____________” 不可数名词 “一些纸”_____________________ “一张纸”______________________________” 两张纸”___________________________ paper 作 ”试卷,文件,报纸,论文” 讲时 是可数名词 papers 5. Could you please give me _____? A. paper B. some pieces of papers C. any paper 6. 7. D. some paper on the paper “ 在纸上” in the paper “在报上” fewer + 可数复数 “_________________________ “ few + 可数复数 “_______________________ “ 表示否定。

pollute 动词 “_________________________” polluted 形容词 “污染的 ” 8 . pollution 名词 “_________________ ” 9. on the tree (是树本身长的) in the tree (不是树上本身的) 10. “________________________” build ---- _________________----- __________________ “__________________” building builder eg: The _________________are ________________ a ________________.(build) 11. in space 不可数, 前不用冠词 “_________” 而”在太空站” 用 ___________________ 12. fly -- ________________- ___________________ “_______________________“ fly to…. “___________” take --- _____________ - ______________ “ ______________________” take…..to… “___________________________“ 14. fall --_______________-__________________ “ 落下” 还有“秋天”之意 feel-- _________________ -_________________ “ ___________________ “ 15. . alone = by oneself “_____________________________________” lonely “____________________________________” 13.

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16. probably 17. suit 18. able unable probable a suit of 19. dress +sb 20. even + 形容词/ 副词的比较级___________________ e.g.: even _____________________ (bad ) 21. teach oneself = learn …by oneself ____________ 22. sound + adj sound like + n 23. pleasure . n “高兴,愉快” unpleasant 的反义词 ____________________ (指物) pleased ( 指人) “ 高兴的,愉快的” be pleased with ….. be pleased to do sth 24. “已经” already ( ) yet ( ) 都用于现在完成时 have/has + PP 25. make- _____________– _______________+ V 26. simple = easy 27. everywhere= here and there 28. so + adj + a/ an + 名词单数 = such a / an + adj +名词单数 但是修饰名词和不可数名词只用 such, so 常+ 形容词 Eg: It’s ____ weather , I’ll go out for a picnic . A. so a fine B. such a fine C. such fine a D. such fine 29. scientist science 30. possible possibly 31. seem + adj seem like + n seem to do sth = It seems/seemed that 从句 e.g.: He ______ ( _______ _________ ) happy 32. = It _________ that he ________happy. 他似乎很高兴。

no one = nobody “ 无人”,(表示人,后不加 of , 用 who 提问) none 无人/ 物( 后可加 of, 用 how many / how much 提问) Who is in the room ?—No one / Nobody. How many people are there ?—None.

图2

二、课文讲解 一单元 P2 every “每一个”(重全体,三者/三者以上的) “每一个”,不和 of 连用.但可用 every one of Eg: Every girl _____________ (dance) well. Each “每一个”(重个体, 两个.两个以上的) “每一个” ,可和 of 连用. E.g.: Each ________ us _________________ (have) a bag. On _______ side of the street / road “在街道、路的两边” _______ sides of the street / road 2. in the future in future= from now on eg: You can’t be late for( 迟到) class _______ _______. 3. live by “以….为生” 1. on … “靠….为生” on + 楼层 “住在几楼,用序数词” e.g.: live on ______ _____(five)floor. “生活,v ” ----live a happy life “过着幸福的生活” 4. stay “ 呆(短时间逗留)” use sth to do sth for sth “ 为…用…..” for doing sth “用….. 来做….” e.g.: It ’s used for (被用来) ______________ (send ) letters(信). use…up = run out of use / usage “n.用处、用法” It’s no use doing sth make use of ….. useful e.g.: make good use of “_________________” ----We should make good use of time . 一单元 1. there be 的将来时态句型---- There will Will there be….(一般疑问句) P3 be …(肯定句) not be ….= ________________(否定句) Yes , ___________________________ / No , __________________________ . 也可用:There is/ are going to be 表将来 E.g.: ____ a match tonight. A. There is going to be B. There is going to have C. There are going to be D. there is E. There will be 2. many / much – more -- __________ “_____________________________ ” little -- _________--- ___________.+不可数名 “ _________________________” few --_________ ---___________ + 可数名词 “ _________________________”

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more+ 可数/不可数名词 less +不可数名 fewer + 可数名词 e.g.: We’ll try our best to do _________ work with_ ___ people ( 用 mangy/much / few /little 的适当形式填空) 3 use …. more use…… less a lot/much more 4. “ 同意 ’ agree with sb(him/what he said(他所说的)/ idea (主意)/opinion (观点) to sth (计划,建议,条件,决定) eg: -agree ____________ my plan. to do sth on sth with 还可以用于事物,气候,话等做主语,“适合“。

5. after 和 in 的区别: after + 一段时间 = 一段时间+ later “以后” (常用于过去时,用 when 提问) in+ 一段时间 (表将来,用 how soon “多久以后” 提问) 但是 after + 具体的时间 (也可以表将来) e.g.: It’ll be ready ________________ a week. in the years (从现在算起) “10 年以后” ten years later (从过去算起) “10 年以后” 一单元 P4 in college = at college “上大学” (college 前无冠词) 2. five years ago (表过去) in five years (表将来) 3. What do you think (插入语) Sally will be in five years ? 你认为 Sally 5 年后将是什么样子 (Sally will be in five years 是个宾语从句,作 think 的宾语, 要用肯定句的语序) Eg: I don’t know ________ tomorrow , Can you tell me . A. When we started B. when did we start C. When we will start D. when will we start 一单元 P5 1. 1. space ”太空、空间” (不可数名词) ,前不用 冠词 a/the 空地 (可数、不可数) room “ 空间(不可数) “房间(可数)” e.g.:Is there ____________/___________ for me in the car? place “ 地方” ( 可数 ) a place of interest “一个名胜古迹” __________________________ “两处名胜古迹”_____________________________________

图4

2. fly -______________________--_______________________ flying fly- flies “” (可数名词) How time flies ! fly the kites = fly a kite eg: Look, there are many children _________________________ kite in the park. fly …to.. eg: fly rockets to the moon ride ( rode --ridden)…to… drive ( drove --driven)…to… take ( took—taken ).…to .. 一单元 P6 fall --- ____________________ - ___________________ fall back ”后退,退却” fall behind sb “落后于某人”(反义词组) = catch up with “追上,赶上” fall down “摔倒,掉下“ fall off “下降/ 跌落/从….掉下” e.g.: Bad luck, Tom _____(从….掉下) his bike and hurt his leg. A .fell B. fell off C. falls D. fall off 1. 2. alone = on one’s own = by oneself alone “______________” (不含感情色彩) lonely “_____________/______________” (含感情色彩) eg:1) He lives in a _______________(荒凉的) village , he lives _____________(单独), but he doesn’t feel ______________(孤独的), 2) 那里什么都没有,除了一个荒凉的小山村。

There’s nothing _______________ a ___________________ village. might 为 _______________ 的过去式,“也许,可能” 情态动词,可能性很小, 还表示委婉,客气。

probably = likely (90%的可能性) perhaps = maybe (50%的可能性) 大于 possibly 的可能性 3. 4. during the week = on weekdays 5. be on vacation = on holiday on tour

图5

on business 6. on watch keep -________________ -_________________ “饲养、保持‘ borrow “借” 其延续性动词为___________ ,必须和一段时间连用,如:for 7 days 等 e.g.: -----How long may I _________________ (借) the book . keep (sb ) doing sth e.g.: -- I’m sorry to keep _______ _________ ______ ______ ________(让你久等了) keep sb ( on ) doing sth -----“让某人一直做….” keep sb / sth + adj /adv /prep (介词) 做宾语的补足语 “使某人某物…..样” No pets ! even + 形容词/ 副词的比较级_______________________ 类似的还有:still + __________________. much = a lot + _______________________________ a little = a bit = a little bit + __________________________ far + ______________________________ e.g.: 1) He is working even_ __________________ (甚至更努力) than before. 2) The work is _far________________ (好的多)than that one . 3) It’s was ___________________ (even cold) in August . 系 动 词 :sound __________, smell _____________( 过 去 式 ____________) , taste_____________, feel __________(过去式____________). look___________ + adj 7. 8. 9. eg: feel ______________________ (好) smell ____________________________ (好) 10. wear -- ________________ - ______________ (表状态) put on 反义词 ____________________ (表动作) dress+ sb/oneself “穿” dress 还有“裙子/礼服“的意思 be in + ‘颜色 have on = be wearing (但是 have on 表状态,相当于 wear,,无进行时态 Be +Ving ) e.g.: He has a skirt on 不能用 He is having a skirt . on Eg: The boy was able to __ himself when he was very young. A. dress B. wear C. put on 11. be able to “能”(表经过努力获得的能力,可以用于任何时态) can ---- could 除了表示“能”, (只用于-现在和过去时态) 还可表许可/可能性或 惊讶和怀疑 can’t be “_____________” E.g.: I could / _______________________ swim when I was 4 years old some day (将来)”有一天” one day (过去/将来)”有一天” the other day “前几天,几天前”(常用于一般过去时) 12.

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