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2017上海暑期英语七升八语法-主题阅读之校园生活教师版

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精锐教育 1 对 3 辅导讲义 学员姓名: 年 级:七升八 授课日期 主 题 学科教师: 辅导科目:英语 2017 年 7 月 6 日 时 间 15:00-17:00 主题阅读之校园生活 1.在阅读中积累词汇短语及句型表达;培养学生理解和运用语言能力的基本方法; 学习目标 2. 理解文章的整体情感和文化背景,灵活迁移阅读信息到写作表达中去。

3.培养学生的阅读兴趣。

教学内容 Reading—School Life 【知识梳理 1】回答问题解题方法和技巧 知识点 1.回答问题考点分析: 1)细节与事实:往往考查发生的时间、地点、人物、发展过程和结局等。

2)结论或推论:答案往往无所谓正确与错误之别,而是须读懂通篇文章,弄懂作者的写作要旨,按照文章的 内容和逻辑关系,做出符合原文逻辑或主旨的结论或推论。

知识点 2.回答问题解题方法: 1)客观信息的答案一般都可以在原文中找到。

在答题时要仔细核对原文,注意问题的人称、时态和语态与原 文是否一致,如果答题时需要语言重组,则应尤为慎重。

2)开放性的问题源于文章,答题时不能天马行空,要符合逻辑。

语言不宜过于复杂,能说明观点即可。

【例题精讲】 More Youth Use Smartphones As Route to Web 1 / 15

Keep computers in a common area so you can monitor what your kids are doing. It's a longstanding directive for online safety — but one that's quickly becoming moot as more young people have mobile devices, often with Internet access. A new report from the Pew Internet & American Life Project finds that 78 percent of young people, ages 12 to 17, now have cellphones. Nearly half of those are smartphones, a share that's increasing steadily — and that's having a big effect on how, and where, many young people are accessing the Web. The survey, released Wednesday, finds that one in four young people say they are "cell-mostly" Internet users, a percentage that increases to about half when the phone is a smartphone.In comparison, just 15 percent of adults said they access the Internet mostly by cellphone. "It's just part of life now," says Donald Conkey, a high school sophomore in Wilmette, Ill., just north of Chicago, who is among the many teens who have smartphones. "Everyone's about the same now when it comes to their phones — they're on them a lot." He and other teens say that if you add up all the time they spend using apps and searching for information, texting and downloading music and videos, they're on their phones for at least a couple hours each day — and that time is only increasing, According to the survey, older teen girls, ages 14 to 17, were among the most likely to say their phones were the primary way they access the Web. And while young people in low-income households were still somewhat less likely to use the Internet, those who had phones were just as likely — and in some cases, more likely — to use their cellphones as the main way they access the Web. It means that, as this young generation of "mobile surfers" grows and comes of age, the way corporations do business and marketers advertise will only continue to evolve, as will the way mobile devices are monitored. Already, many smartphones have restriction menus that allow parents to block certain phone functions, or mature content. Cellphone providers have services that allow parents to see a lot of their children's texts. And there are a growing number of smartphone applications that at least claim to give parents some level of control on a phone's Web browser, though many tech experts agree that these applications can be hit-or-miss. Despite the ability to monitor some phone activity, some tech and communication experts question whether surveillance, alone, is the best response to the trend. Some parents take a hard line on limits. Others, not so much, says Mary Madden, a senior researcher at Pew who co-authored the report."It seems like there are two extremes. The parents who are really locking down and monitoring everything — or the ones who are throwing up their hands and saying, 'I'm so overwhelmed,'" Madden says. WORD BANK a) b) c) d) monitor access evolve claim v. 监督,监控 n. 入口, 接近 v. 演变,发展 v 声称 2 / 15 v. 使用, 获取

e) surveillance n. 监督 【长难句解析】 Nearly half of those are smartphones, a share that's increasing steadily — and that's having a big effect on how, and where, many young people are accessing the Web. 在该句中,a share 是 nearly half of those 的同位语,其后面带了两个定语从句,即“that's increasing steadily” 和“that's having a big effect on…”, 先关系代词 that 在定语从句中均作主语。

Answer the questions according to the passage. 1. Why are computers kept in a common area? 解析:定位到文章第一段第一句, “Keep computers in a common area so you can monitor what your kids are doing.” 此题答案为:Because in this way, you can monitor what your kids are doing. 2. What do teens often do with their smartphone besides accessing the Internet? 解析:定位到文章第五段, “He and other teens say that if you add up all the time they spend using apps and searching for information, texting and downloading music and videos.” 此题答案为: They often search for information, text and downloadmusic and videos. 3. What influences will the way young people access the Web bring? 解析: 定位到文章第七段, “It means that, as this young generation of "mobile surfers" grows and comes of age, the way corporations do business and marketers advertise will only continue to evolve, as will the way mobile devices are monitored.”此题答案为:The way corporations do business and marketers advertise will continue to evolve. 4. How can parents monitor their children‟s phone activities? 解析:定位到文章第八段, “Already, many smartphones have restriction menus that allow parents to block certain phone functions, or mature content. Cellphone providers have services that allow parents to see a lot of their children's texts.”此题答案为:Parents can use the restriction menus to block certain phone functions or mature contect, and see their children‟s text. 5. What do experts think of the methods provided to parents to monitor their children‟s phone activities? 解析:定位到文章第九段, “Despite the ability to monitor some phone activity, some tech and communication experts question whether surveillance, alone, is the best response to the trend。

”此题答案为:The experts think that more factors should be responsible to this trend besides surveillance. 【巩固练习】 Answer the questions(根据短文内容回答下列问题): English is an important international language, but that doesn‟t mean it‟s easy to learn. Many experts have tr to make English easier to learn — but they weren‟t always successful. In 1930, Professor C.K. Ogden of Cambridge University invented Basic English. It had only 850 words (andjust eighteen verbs) and Ogden said most people could learn it in just thirty hours. The problem was that people wholearned Basic English could write and say simple messages, but they couldn‟t understand the answers in 3 / 15

„real‟English! It was also impossible to explain a word if it wasn‟t in the Basic English word list.R.E. Zachrisson, auniversityprofessor in Sweden, decided that the biggest problem for learners of English was spelling, so he invented a language with the name Anglic. Anglic was similar to English, but with much simpler spelling. „Father‟ became „faadher‟, „new‟ became „nue‟ and „years‟ became „yeerz‟. Unluckily, Anglic never became popular. In the age of international communication through the Internet, who knows what will happen? ... a new form of English might appear. A large number of the world‟s e-mails are in English and include (包括) examples of „NetLingo‟ like OIC (Oh, I see) and TTYL (Talk to you later). In another fifty years, English might not be used. We might all speak fluent Internetish! 1.Many experts have tr to make English easier to learn, haven‟t they? 2.Who invented Basic English in 1930 ? 3.How long could most people learn Basic English according to Professor Ogden? 4.What was the biggest problem for learners of English according to Professor Zachrisson? 5.What might happen to English in another fifty years? 6.What do you think of the experts‟ ideas of making English easier? Keys: 1.Yes, they have. 2. Professor CK Ogden (of Cambridge University). 3. In just 30 hours. 4. Spelling. 5. English might not be used. (We might all speak Internetish.) 6.(Any reasonable answers are acceptable.) 【知识梳理 2】 知识点 1.首字母技巧和方法 1)浅谈首字母阅读题型特征和能力培养: 通常来说,首字母阅读是初中生觉得难度最高的一类阅读,那么首字母到底考查我们什么能力呢?其实, 首字母考查我们在充分理解短文的基础单词拼写出来,并且单词形式合理,符合语法规范,符合短 文意思需要。

由于试题的首字母已给,所填的词就必须是该字母开头的单词。

其实,这既是一种限制, 又是一种提示。

基于首字母阅读的题型特征,我们平时必须对以下几种能力给予提高: a.词汇积累量与运用能力(基础) b.句法结构分析能力(确定词性和词形) c.语义语境分析能力(确定词义) d.逻辑推断能力(确定词义) e.前后文关键信息提取能力(更为准确确定词义) 4 / 15

知识点 2.首字母阅读解题思路与技巧:(五部曲) a.词性的判断(句法结构、词性间搭配) b.词义范围的判断(句意、文意) c.关注句首句中连词与副词运用(主要是词性的准确判断) d.脑海中搜索符合相关条件的考纲词汇(时间允许,可用首字母配对形式) e.核查(名词单复数、动词时态三单、形容词级、固定搭配与文意) 知识点 3.首字母中各类学生存在的能力分析: a.基础差型:词汇+句法+语义语境分析+逻辑推断+前后文信息提取+方法技巧运用+词形词义 b.基础较好型:词汇+句法+语义语境分析+逻辑推断+前后文信息提取+方法技巧运用 c.基础优型:词汇+句法+语义语境分析+逻辑推断+前后文信息提取+方法技巧运用 【例题精讲】 Fill in the blanks to complete the summary of this article. In many big cities in the world, the overuse of cars is thought to be one of the major causes of air pollution. What will cars be l___1___ in the future? Some experts think that today‟s cars are in trouble b____2___they use too much petrol(汽 油). They say the car of the future will be much, much smaller. The car of tomorrow will be m___3__without a motor or air condition. It will have no radios or lights. Tomorrow‟s car will be an o___4__air car with no doors or windows. It needn‟t have a pollution control system because it w___5___use petrol. In fact, this new car will be pushed by the driver ‟s feet. Very few people will be killed in accidents, because the top s____6__will be five miles per hour. However, we are also warned not to ask for pretty c___7___, because the cars will come in grey only. Other car experts do not hold the same idea. They are s___8___that the future will be happier. They think that all our problems will soon be solved by car companies with the production of the Supercar. Tomorrow‟s car will be bigger, faster, and more comfortable than b__9___. The Supercar will have four rooms, TVs, running water, heat, air conditioning, and maybe a swimming pool. Large families will travel on l___10____trips comfortably. If petrol is in short supply, the Supercar will run on water. 解析: 1. like,先把疑问句变成陈述句,like what 介宾短语作表语“将来的车会是什么样子”。

注意 like 作介词放置 be 动词和 look 后的用法。

2. because, 从句式分析可知,前后为两句话,由此可推断本空格处为连词,前后语义分析可知答案为 because。

3made, 由 be 动词用法可知,其后常跟多种词性作表语或跟过去分词表被动,从所在句分析可知,此题应该 be done 被动语态,由意思可知为 made。

4. open ,敞篷车,露天的车 open air car。

5. won‟t ,主语和动词中间的三种可能,助动词、情态动词或副词,结合语义语境分析可知答案为 won‟t。

6 .speed ,缺主语,最高速度。

7 .colors ,形容词后面是名词,后面提到 grey only,仅有灰色,证明说的是颜色。

8.sure,词组 be sure that 确信。

5 / 15

9. before ,遇见 than 要兴奋,是明天的车和以前的车做对比。

10. long ,名词前面是形容词,根据意思和考纲词汇搜索可知答案为 long。

基础题 A. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each word can only be used once (将 下列单词或词组填入空格。

每空格限填一词,每词只能填一次): A. happyB. get injured C. fine D. passed E. ran Before 1974, only boys could play on Little League baseball teams. Then in 1972, twelve-year-old Maria Pepe of New Jersey decided she wanted to play on a team in her city. Maria was a __1__ pitcher(投手) and outfielder(外场 手). The coach and players welcomed Maria, but the people who __2__ Little League said that girls were not allowed on their teams. They said that girls would only __3__ playing baseball. They took their case to court and won. In 1974, a law was __4__ letting girls playing Little League baseball. By then, Maria was too old to play, but she was still happy. She had opened the game to other girls. Keys: 1 - 4 CEBD A. example B. possible C. took place D. simply E. huge In America there is a new sport called "Earthball". "Earthball", which is like a huge beach ball, was thought of by Stuart Frand, who was once a hippy(嬉皮士). The idea of the game is to keep the ball in the air for as long as __5__. As the ball is too big, there is a need of lots of people to play together. There are no winners or losers in the game; the idea is __6__ to enjoy yourself as much as you can. "Earthball" is just one of the games in a "New Games Festival". The festival __7__ in the countryside near San Francisco, in the USA. Perhaps other countries can follow the __8__ of the Californians and have festivals to test new games --- it sounds like a good idea! 5 - 8 BDCA B. Choose the best answer (根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案): After giving a talk at a high school, I was asked to pay a visit to a special student. An illness had kept the boy home, but he had expressed an interest in meeting me. I was told it would mean a great deal to him, so I agreed. drive to his home, I found out something about Matthew. He had muscular dystrophy (肌肉萎缩症). When he was born, the doctor e would not live to five, and then they were told he would not make it to ten. Now he was thirteen. He wanted to meet me because I wer lifter, and I knew about overcoming obstacles(克服困难) and going for(努力实现) my dreams. I spent over an hour talking to Matthew. Never once did he complain(抱怨)or ask, “Why me?” He spoke about 6 / 15

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