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2017中考英语复习学案(词类专题)

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专题复习(一)名词 名词考点概述 1、可数名词及其单复数 (1)可数名词单数变复数的规则变化 ① 例: lakeorangeboxradiofamilyknifefootsheeptoothChinesesandwichzootomatocityherobrushkilonegrocountry②以结尾的词加例:dress③以结尾的大部分加例:photo④以结尾的词,变为,再加例:baby⑤以结尾的词,变为再加例:leafmangoosewomanchildthief- 只有四个加, 请同学们牢记。

例:potato- (2)可数名词单数变复数的不规则变化需掌握下列词汇 2、不可数名词(1)既可数,又不可数的名词 orange 译为,可数,译为,不可数; room 译为,可数;译为,不可数 experience 译为 ____可数,译为不可数;trouble 译为,可数;译为,不可数 difficulty 译为,可数,译为,不可数; fish 译为,可数;译为,不可数 paper 译为,可数,译为,不可数;glass 译为,可数;译为,不可数 (2)不可数名词没有复数形式,用表示数量。

常见量词:一玻璃杯的… 一双,一对儿,一条… 一茶杯的… 一瓶的… 一片,块,张的… _ 一副眼镜 有些可数名词也可以用量词表示数量 例:一双鞋 一条裤子 (3)含有量词的名词短语,单、复数看 This pair of trousers (be) mine. T here (be) two bottles of milk in the fridge. 3、名词作定语的单复数问题 大多数名词作定语时,定语名词用作数,且不随中心名词的而。

例:an apple tree — many trees 特别情况有: man ,woman 随所修饰名词而。

例:a man doctor—two doctors a sports shop – many 4、名词所有格 (1)共同拥有与分别拥有的表达 Tom 和 Jack 共同拥有的房间 Tom 和 Jack 分别拥有的房间 room rooms 注意:rooms 用复数 例: 学生们的书 books woman worker— many workers sports 做定语只用 数。

例:a sports meet –some sports meets a sports club—many (2)以 s 结尾的名词所有格形式是 两天的假期 aholiday (3)可以用合成形容词替换的名词所有格用法 holiday 妇女节 (4)双重所有格:例:我的一个朋友 a friend of 我哥哥的一本书 a book of (5)所有格形式的节日名称: 儿童节 教师节 劳动节(工人节)父亲节 愚人节 元旦 中考真题解析(09-16 年河北省中考真题集锦) 1.–Would you like some drinks, boys? A. some oranges --Yes, , please. B. two boxes of chocolates C. some cake D. two bottles of orange 母亲节

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2. room is big and bright. They like it very much. A. Tom and Sam A. 20 years’ B. Tom’s and Sam C. Tom and Sam’s D. Tom’s and Sam’s B. 20 year ’s C. 20-years’ D.20-years 3. Can you imagine what life will be like in time? 4. My (爱好) are reading, singing and dancing. 5. I’ll show my collection of (邮票) to the class. 6. The news ____ very interesting! A. is A. woman B. are B. woman’s Tell me more! C. were C. women D. was D. women’s 7. I don’t think looking after children is just ______ work. 8.Computer is one of the greatest _______________ (发明). I can’t imagine life without it. 9.Mr. Smith gave us _____________________ (一条) advice on how to keep healthy. 10.We need eleven (play) for our soccer team. 11.They have invited a_________(science) to give them a speech on space. 12.Cici enjoys dancing. It's one of her . A. prize A. potato A. color A. ice B. prizes B. banana B. size B. soup C. candy C. smell C. salt C. player C. hobby D. pie D. shape D. Sugar D. camera D. purpose D. Hobbies 13. I’d like a for dessert. Fruit, you know, is good for health. 14. Jason likes the of the cake. It is a heart. 15. I want a sweet milk. Put some in my cup, please. 16. Could you please take my picture? Here is my . A. printer B. radio 17. Your is very helpful. I guess I’ll take it. A. secret B. advice C. promise 请写出名词考点的知识网络图: 专题复习 (二) 冠词 冠词考点概述 1、不定冠词的基本用法: ①表示数量“一个” 例: I havenew bike. ②用于单数可数名词前泛指一类事物。

例: airplane is faster thantrain. ③ a, an 的区别:主要看所修饰名词的。

当时用 an, 当时用 a. 补全冠词: hour honest boy usual person unusual personengineer artist useful book university ad umbrella used car ugly animal animalaccident 2、定冠词的基本用法: ①表示特指。

例:Beijing is capital of China. I got a book as a present. book was really nice. Turn down ________ radio, please. ②用于独一无二的事物前。

例: sun is bigger than earth. ③用于含有序数词的名词前。

例:Who teaches first class? 如果该序数词前已经有其他限定词如: ____________(my/your/her/his)、 ____________(this/that/these/those)、 ―u‖―m‖―s‖

图2

________________(some/any),则不再用定冠词。

例:Our country will have its sixtieth birthday this year. A. a B. an C. the Great Wall D. 不填 United States ④用于普通名词构成的专有名词。

例: 例: 天安门广场 例: 布朗一家 人民医院 格林一家 如果该专有名词中含有汉语拼音,则不用定冠词。

⑤定冠词与“姓”的复数连用,表示 ⑥定冠词与某些形容词连用,表示该形容词所形容的一类人。

例:穷人(们) 富人(们) 聋哑人 老人(们) 年轻人(们)盲人 残疾人 3. 零冠词的基本用法 ①不可数名词前或名词复数前不用冠词 China is a great country. Mary lives in New York. ③三餐,球类,季节,月份,星期与节假日前与 by 连用的交通工具前用零冠词 I went to school without breakfast this morning. He often plays basketball after school. He goes to school by bike every day. 冠词小练兵: 用适当的冠词填空 have ____ break at ____last go____ home make _____ telephone call at _____noon take ______ walk in ____surprise have ____ good time on ___show/display at _____ same time go to _____ cinema in ____ end for ____example take ___ bus by ____ bus by ___mistake in_____fact Man can’t live without water. ②某些专有名词前,如人名、地名、国名等,用零冠词。

go _____shopping 中考真题解析(06-16 年河北省中考原题集锦) 1. My father is engineer. He works very hard. A. a A. The A. the A. a A. a Aa A. the A. the A. the B. an B. an B an B. an B. A B. a C. the C. the C the B. a B. a B. a D. / D./ D/ C. an C. an C. an D. 不填 D. 不填 D. 不填 C. the C. An C. an D. 不填 D. 不填 D. 不填 2. woman in a purple skirt is Betty’s mother. 3. There is apple tree in my garden. It’s over 10 years old. 4. I really like ____ book you lent to me yesterday. 5. Cindy is _____ amazing singer. She has lots of fans. 6. She learned to play _____ piano all by herself. 7. The children stood in circle and danced to music. 8. Do you know girl in green ? She is our monitor. 9. Let’s take photo! Everyone, cheese! 10. Look at calendar. It’s June 22.

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A. a 11. I have pet cat. A. a B. an B. an C. the C. the D. / D. / 请写出冠词考点的知识网络图: 专题复习(三)代词 代词考点概述 1、人称代词 ①人称代词分两种,做主语,用___________ ,做宾语,用________。

②人称代词有人称,数,格的变化,详见下表: 单数 主格 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 ③特别注意“it”的用法: (1)既可指人,又可指物:例: (2)做形式主语: 例:It is necessary for you to exercise every day. (3)作形式宾语:常跟在___ __, _________, ________后面,代替 to do。

例:I find it hard to learn English well. (4)it 与 one 的区别: it 指代_______________. one 指代______________. 例: There is a red bike over there. It is Kate’s. 例:Is that your book? Yes, it is. 例:It is sunny today. Your new dress is so nice. I want to buy one. (5)用于肯定,否定回答中,单数指示代词变为:_______.复数指示代词变为:_______. Are these your shoes? No, they aren’t. (6)还可以表示天气,时间,距离等。

It is ten minutes’ walk from here to our school. ---It’s 12 o’clock. --- What’s the time? ②词形变化,详见下表: 单数 名词性物主代词 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 ③名词性物主代词和形容词性物主代词的区别:主要看后面有没有名词。

后面有名词时,用_______________.后面没有名词时,用_______________. 例:This is my watch. Mine is newer than yours. ④双重所有格中,用到的是_____________。

例:Mike is a friend of mine. 3、反身代词 ①词形变化,详见下表: 单数 第一人称 第二人称 复数 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 复数 形容词性物主代词 宾格 主格 复数 宾格 2、物主代词 ①物主代词分为_______________和____________________。

图4

第三人称 ②主语和宾语是同一个人(事)时,宾语用反身代词.例:This girl is too young to look after herself. ③固定搭配: 独自_____________ 自学______________________ 玩的开心_________________ 4、指示代词 随便吃/喝些…_________________ 自言自语 _______________ 自己穿衣服______________ 照顾自己________________ 单数 近指 远指 ② 打电话时,本人用___________,对方用____________。

例:This is Zhang Hua speaking. Is that Li Ming speaking? ③that, those 在一些句型中代替前面的名词以避免重复,但是 this 和 these 不可代替。

例:The weather in Beijing is warmer than in Changchun in winter. The students in our school are more than in No.32 Middle School. 5、不定代词 ①常用的不定代词主要有以下这些: each, every, both, all, either, neither, one, one, few, little, many, much, other, another, some, any, no,以及 some, any, no,every 与 thing,body,one 构成的合成词。

②some 与 any 一般情况下:some 用于__________, any 用于___________ 和_____________ . 例:I have questions to ask. 特殊情况下: (1).some 用于疑问句中表示客气委婉的请求或是希望得到肯定回答。

例:Would you like ________ tea ? (2).any 用于肯定句,表示“任何一个” 。

例:_________ day is OK. ③something, anything, nothing, everything 合成词的_____________. 注意区分这几个词: something 强调____________语意,可用于_______句。

例:Are you hungry ? 例:Is there Would you like to eat? is possible. anything 强调____________语意,多用于_______句和________句。

也可用于_________句。

wrong with your watch? everything 强调____________语意,用于_______句时,表示不完全否定。

例:We shouldn’t believe we see. ④neither, either, both, none, each, all 之一 两者 三者或三者以上 例:My parents are teachers. There are some trees on sides of the road side of the road. There are some trees on 都 都不 例:I have 用作单数。

形容词或动词不定式修饰这类合成词时应放在这类 (重要的事情)to say. Have you books about history? 复数 ①指示代词有: I don’t like both of these two coats. => I like of these two coats. 注意:(1).neither, either 和 each 做主语时,谓语动词要用形式;none 做主语时,谓语动词可以,可以。

例:Neither of the answers (be)correct. Each student (be) given a book for free. None of the girls (have)a football. (2).词组 both…and… (…和…都)作主语时,谓语动词用复数;而 either…or…(或者…或者…;不是....就

图5

是…); neither..nor…(既不…也不…)做主语时,谓语动词就近变化。

例:Either you or he (be) right. ⑤few, a few, little,a little 很少,几乎没有(否定意义) 用于可数名词前 用于不可数名词前 (一些) friends, but he has (几乎没有) good friends. Don’t worry, there is (还有一些) time left. There is (快没了) food. Let’s go to buy some. ⑥a bit 与 a bit of 可修饰形容词或副词;修饰不可数名词。

He looks tired. There is milk in the bottle. 例 :He has 有几个(肯定意义) Both Mary and Peter (be) at home. Neither my parents nor my sister (曾去过) to the Great Wall. ⑦the other, other, another, others 与 the others other 泛指“另外的”常与名词连用; others 等于“other+复数名词” ,泛指“别的人或物” he other+可数名词单数 指“两者中的另一个” ,常用于“one…the other…”结构; the others 等于“the other+复数名词” ,表示“其余所有的人或物” ; another 指“三者或三者以上中的另一个” ,用作代词或形容词。

例:Do you have any ideas? Some students are in the classroom,are outside on the playground. I have two brothers. One is a teacher, is a doctor. We need ten books. Children should be taught how to get on well with. These shoes are too large for my daughter. Would you show me pair, please? 6、 疑问代词 疑问代词主要有 who (谁) , whom (谁) , which (哪一个/哪一些) , what (什么) 和 whose(谁 的),用来构成特殊疑问句,放在句子开头。

注意:who,whom 指人,表示“谁”. 作主语,用“who” , 作宾语,用“whom”. 在口语中常用 who 代替 whom。

which,what 在特殊疑问句中作定语时,后面必 须紧跟一个名词。

例: (谁)is standing there? (谁)are you waiting for? (哪个) class are you in? (谁的)shoes are these ? 中考真题解析 1. On ___ sides of the street are a lot of colorful flowers. A. each B. both C. either D. all 2.My aunt has two children. But _____ of them lives with her. A. each A. I A. both A. he A. him B. my B. either B. his B. his B. neither C. either D. both D. mine D. neither D. her 3. Look at the photo. The girl beside _______ is Nancy. C. me 4. I tried several jackets on, but ________ of them looked good. C. none C. she C. me D. my B. something C. anything B. him C. his D. everything D. himself 5. Is there any difference between your ideaand _____? 6. Emma, can you introduce ______ to Alice? I want to meet her. 7. She is new here, so we know ___ about her. A. nothing A. he 8. George reads the newspaper every morning. That'shabit. (什么)is in the box?

图6

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