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2017上海暑期英语七升八第语法-常考词组辨析-学生版

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精锐教育 1 对 3 辅导讲义 学员姓名: 年 级:七升八 授课日期 主 题 2017 年 8 月 3 日 学科教师: 辅导科目:英语 时 间 15:00-17:00 常考词组辨析 教学内容 【知识梳理 1】turn 相关短语 turn on 打开 turn off 关掉 turn up 出现,露面;开大 turn down 拒绝 关小 turn out 结果是;证明是 turn to 求助于;转向 turn around 转身 turn against 【例题精讲】 A. turn over A. turned up A. in 【巩固练习】 A. turned over A. turned in A. turned in A. up A. in A. out 反对;背叛 inturn 轮流,依次 例 1.Let’s not wait any longer, he might not ___at all. B. turn upC. turn on B. turned in B. onC. by D. turn down C. turned out D. into D. turned down 例 2.The French pianist who had been praised very highly ____to be a great disappointment . 例 3.Don't rush. Please wait in line and get on the bus ____turn. 1..Faced with all the difficulties, the girl _____her mother for comfort. B. turned formC. turned to B. turned outC. turned down B. turned out B. down B)up B. down C. on C. against C. away D.turned up D. turned into C. turned up D. over D. off D. on D. turned to 2.I was so surprised that he_____my invitation. 3. The Browning have not ____ yet and I doubt whether they will come. 4. I can hardly hear the radio.Could you please turn it _____. 5. Nothing could make the brave man turn _____his motherland. 6. What he said at the meeting turned_____reasonable. 【知识梳理 2】 take 相关短语 take off 脱下;移开;起飞 take down 写下;记下 1 / 11

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take out 取出 take care 小心;注意 take away 带走;拿走 take up 开始从事; 占用 take place 发生 【例题精讲】 例 1. My father ______ English in his thirties. Now he is ready to be a volunteer for the coming Expo. A. picked up B. got up C. took up D. looked up 例 2. I’11________photo taking after I retire. I think it is a good hobby. A) take away B. take off C. take out D. take up 例 3. Jane took up the piano when she was five. A. picked up 【巩固练习】 1.Please ______ your coat. It’s very hot inside the room. A. show off A. take up A. take off A.took up A. took part in A. put on B. take off B. take in B. take up B. took place B. gave up B. have on C. take off C. turn off C. take off C. set out C.took hold of C. took place D. wear D. put off D. take away D. set up D.took the place of D. turned over 2.It is common in Britain for students to_____ new hobbies after the Christmas holidays. 3. Ladies and gentlemen, attention, please. The plane will ______ in ten minutes. 4.Many students were having a lesson in schools when the big earthquake ______ in Sichuan. 5. Great changes ______ in China from 1978 to 2008. 6.Please remove your shoes before entering temples when you are on a tour in Malaysia. B. looked up C. sat up D. began to learn 【知识梳理 3】put 相关短语 put aside 节省(钱、时间)、把……放在一边。

put off 推迟, 拖延 put up 举起,抬起 put down 记下来,写下来 put on 穿上(衣服) ;上演 2 / 11

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put away 放好, 储存...备用 put out 扑灭 【例题精讲】 例 1.She managed to ______ some money every month although she had a low salary. A. put off A. put away 【巩固练习】 1.An English short play will be ____________ at the Children's Palace during the winter holidays. A. put on A. put off A. put down B. put on B. put in C. put out B. put up D. put up C. put off D. put out C. put up D. put down 2. The school sports meeting will be ______ because of the heavy rain. 3. A lot of flights were ______because of the heavy snow last month. 4. We will______our school sports meeting because of the terrible weather these days. A. put on B. put up C. put off D. put out 5. -- Could you give me a hand? I want tothe picture on the wall. -- My pleasure. A. put up A. put off A. put up B. put off B. put up C. put down C.puton D. put on C.put on D. put out D. put out 6. Liu Qian ______ two magic shows for the CCTV Spring Festival Gala. 7. Luckily the big fire was ______ by the firemen a few minutes later. B. put off B. put aside B. put on C. put down C. put out D. put on D. put up 例 2. Knives should be carefully______ or they will hurt the baby. 【知识梳理 4】 sometimes sometime some time some times 辨析 (1) sometimes—occasionally, now and then 是副词。

. (2) sometime—at an indefinite or unstated time in the future/past 也是副词,可用于一般将来时和过去时。

(3) some time—a period of time 是名词短语,常与 for 连用。

(4) some times 也是一个名词短语,time 在这里用作可数名词,意思是“次数” 。

some times 的意思是“几 次” 。

记忆口诀: 3 / 11

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some time VS. sometime sometimes VS. some times • 分开“一段时间” • 相聚“某个时候” • S连住是“有时” • 分开“几次”、“几倍”都ok. 【例题精讲】 例 1.Sometimes he comes by bike and sometimes by bus 例 2.You can hand in your homework sometime before Friday. 例 3.I'll be away for some time. 例 4.I have been to the Great Wall some times. 【巩固练习】 1. Louis and I visited Shanghai Science & Technology Museum __________during the summer holiday. A. sometimes B. some times C. some time D. some times C.. some time C. sometime D. sometime D. some time D. sometime 2.We are told that we shall visit the Science Museum ______ next week. A. sometime B. sometimes C. some time A. sometimes A. sometimes B. some times B. some times 3. He has seen the film , so he won’t go to the cinema with us. 4. Would you like to go to the Grand Theatre with us __________ next month? 基础题 I. Choose the best answer. 1. ---Does Liu Hua ever guess the meanings of English words? ---He ____ guesses the meanings of new words.He uses his dictionary all the time. A. sometimes A. sometimes B. some times B. some times C. sometime C. sometime D. some time D. some time 2. Simon will go to visit Hong Kang in the future. 3. Don’t forget to ______ the lights and the TV in the sitting room before going to bed. 4 / 11

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A. turn over A. take up A. turned over B. turn on B. take off B. turned out C. turn off C. take out D. take away C. turned on D. turn up 4. The kind girl promises to _____ charity as her job when she grows up. 5. The medicine _______ to be effective. He stopped coughing that night. D. turned into 6. The pilot found out one of the wings was broken shortly after the plane ______. A. took off B. took up C. took out D. took away 7. Young Jimmy __________ painting two weeks ago, but soon he lost interest in it. A. took up B. took off C. took out D. took away 8.If you happen to know the answer, please raise your hand. The underlined part means “”. A. put up B. pick up C. look up D. take up II. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. (A) Two American scientists told the people in industrial nations that they would be much healthier if they ate more of the same kind of foods eaten by humans living more than 10,000 years ago. The scientists say that the human body has changed very l 1 since human first appeared on earth, but the way we live has changed greatly. Our body has not been able to deal with these changes in life style and this has led to new kinds of d 2 . These new sicknesses were not known in ancient times. So they are called “diseases of civilization(文明)”. Many cancers and diseases of the blood system, including heart attacks and strokes(中风)are examples of such diseases. Scientists noted that early stone-age people used very little alcohol(酒精)or tobacco (烟草), probably none. Ancient people also got a great deal of physical e 3 , but a change in food is one of the main differences b 5 4 life in ancient times and life today. Stone-age people hunted wild animals for their meat, which had much less fat than farm animals. They also ate a lot of fresh vegetables and fruits. They did not use m and other dairy products, 6 vitamin C. and they made very little use of grains. But today, we eat a lot of dairy products and grain foods. We eat six times more salt than stone-age people. We eat more sugar. We eat twice as much fat but much l People today probably do not w 7 to live as people thousands of years ago did, but scientists say that we would be much healthier if we ate as those ancient people did, cutting the amount of fatty, salty and sweet foods. (B) It’s not easy for us to forgive (原谅) someone who has ever hurt you or made you disappointed. H____1____, several new studies say that it could be good for your health. When you think of forgiveness, you probably don’t think of it as a healthy or medical problem. On the other hand, studies p____2____ that something like anger can change your well-being (身心状况). When cartoon characters like the Incredible Hulk get angry, they change colors and 5 / 11

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often get special power. In the real w____3____, anger is less obvious. Scientists say anger can be harmful to your physical and mental health. Two new studies seem to show the s____4____ idea. The studies find that people who are able to forgive feel less stress, less back pain, and less depression. They also have fewer headaches, l____5____ blood pressure (血压), and fewer problems on sleeping. So it doesn’t m____6____ if your anger is caused by the traffic or other things. Learning to let it go is important. Ways such as d____7____ breath can help you a lot, or just ask yourself if it’s worth hurting yourself by staying angry with someone else. Forgiveness does not mean that you simply accept what happened and say it’s OK. Instead, it’s a way of making peace with yourself about what happened in the past. 提高题 I. Choose the best answer. 1. Please hang the map a little higher, so that every student in the classroom can see it clearly. The underlined word means “______”. A. take up B. put up C. pick up D. look up 2.Will you please __________ the radio? The neighbours are having a rest. A. turn down B. turn up C. turn over D. turn into 3. The operation had to be delayed because of the patient's health condition. The underlined part means. A .take off B set off C put off D show off 4. Believe it or not, the Australian captain's words _______to be true later. A. turned over B. turned on C. turned out D. turned off 5. The traditional medicine _______ to be effective in treating the old lady’s stomachache. A. turned over B. turned out C. turned on D. turned into 6. When you leave your classroom, remember to ______ the lights. A .get off B .turn off C. take off D. put off 7. Though it looked like rain this morning, it has ______ to be a fine day. A. turned up A. turn on II. B. turned over B. turn off C. turned on C. turn down (A) “What are you busy with yourself, Mom?” the girl of six years old asked her mother. “Making dinner for the neighbor aunt.” “Why?” “Because the other day the aunt l___1___ her dear daughter in the earthquake and is so sad now. We must take g__2_____ care of her these days.” “Why n___3___ our care?” “Because from then on the aunt can’t do what she liked to along with her daughter. Making dinner and doing housework are also becoming so d__4____. I don’t know what to do. My dear, can you come up with an i__5__ to make the aunt feel better?” All of a sudden, the girl went to the neighbor ’s house and k__6___ at the door. “What can I do for you?” asked the neighbor. “I h___7___ my mother says you’re very sad without your daughter„” The girl handed the hand-aid(创可贴) tightly h__8____ in her hand to the neighbor. 6 / 11 D. turned out D. turn up 8. I want to listen to the news more clearly. Would you please ______ the radio? Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words.

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