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(英语)英语综合训练题(0311)

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综合训练题(0311) 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节) 第一节(共 15 小题) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

A Experience the Colorado River the Hualapai Way! River Runners Offers the ONLY One Day White-water Trip ANYWHERE at the GRAND CANYON! Since 1973, Hualapai River Runners has been conducting white-water rafting(漂流) journeys on the Colorado River. Our experienced guides expertly sail along the river and share the history of the Canyon and the Hualapai people with you. Visitors experience the excitement of white-water rapids and then stop to enjoy the impressive beauty of Travertine falls and a tasty lunch. No charge for children 2 years and Under. One—Day Trip Retail(单价)$249.00+$79.00(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation) White-water rafting tours begin in Peach Springs. Hualapai River transports you to Diamond Creek, which is the starting point for the 37-mile rafting tour. Lunch is included and upon arrival at the rafting tour termination(终点)point,fly out of the Grand Canyon by helicopter to Grand Canyon West. Two—Day Trip Retail$549.00+$79.00(helicopter and round-trip ground transportation) Two-day rafting trips with one night on the Colorado River. All supplies and meals are included. Two days in the Grand Canyon, on the Colorado River, allow more time to explore one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Tours Include: · Round—trip transportation from Peach Springs to the starting point and from the termination point back to Peach Springs. · Snack, drinks and lunch(vegetarian meals available upon request). · Waterproof dry bags for storing your cameras, sunscreen, dry clothes, etc. The helicopter part of transportation is weather permitting. If the helicopter transportation is cancelled because of bad weather, the raft will continue an additional two hours to South Cove and a maximum $20.00 per customer will be given back. Special website booking rate 15% off rafting in June. So book now! Call us Toll Free Today! Tel:1-888-868-9378 1. Where do white-water rafting tours start? A. Travertine Falls. B. The Grand Canyon. C. Diamond Creek. D. Grand Canyon West. 2. It can be learned from the text that________. A. the guides can help you learn sailing B. the Grand Canyon is well-known for its history C. the helicopter transportation can save you three hours' time 1

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3. D. the cost includes snack, drinks and lunch. Which of the following is available when the helicopter transportation is cancelled? A. The bus. B. The raft. C. The train. D. The boat. B New research shows that all work and no play is not only less fun for children, but could leave them poorer in later life. A study presented to the Royal Economic Society's annual conference concludes that teenagers judged to be the most popular at school are also likely to earn noticeably bigger salaries than their former classmates. Economists from the University of Sussex analysed findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a 15-year research project charting the fortunes of a group of thousands of teenagers who attended high schools in the US in the mid-1990s. Among questions about topics ranging from their physical fitness to their parents' occupation, the teenagers were asked to list their closest friends. In cases where the researchers were able to survey the entire school, they were able to construct a map of the interconnected friendship networks to work out not only which children had most friends overall but, crucially, who was most influential. Those who had about 10 per cent more friends than average in their teens overall were earning almost 11 pet cent more in their late 20s. Other factors such as being in the top class and even having a higher IQ score appeared to have no significant effect on the teenagers' earning power in later 1ife. But those tempted (引诱) to turn their back on their studies altogether on the basis of the research would be making a serious mistake. Having a good education was even more important financially than having lots of friends, with having a university degree boosting (促进) earnings by 25 per cent. Those who were married were also earning 19 per cent more than those still single. Our research confirms that the impact of education and school goes far beyond the knowledge that one acquires, supporting the importance of providing free and public education for everyone," said Lucia Barbone, the lead author. "More attention should be devoted during childhood and adolescence to the development of social skills, for example, through social activities and clubs." 4. From the text, we can learn that the Study of Adolescent Health . A. recorded the fortunes of 1,000 high school graduates B. was led by the Royal Economic Society C. involved questions of different topics D. was conducted in the early 1990s 5. The new research showed that . A. children with more friends end up earning more in later life B. most children like to make friends in their high school C. all play and no work is good for children D. the single earned more than the married 6. Which factor has the most significant effect on teenagers' future earning power? A. Being in the top class. B. Being popular in school. C. Having a high IQ score. D. Having a good education. 7. Lucia Barbone thinks that children should . 2

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A. C. acquire more knowledge in school choose their school freely B. D. join more social activities and clubs go to public high schools C It's nothing new that you can find many files or services you can download or use from the Internet. The question is: Is downloading legal or not? In most cases the answer is negative, because sharing and downloading are illegal. Of course, you can find files for legal downloading, but you have to pay for them. It seems innocent if you click on the download mark, but it isn't. It should be compared with stealing in a store. Would you steal a magazine, an MP3 players or a car? Downloading from the Internet is a theft, and sharing files, once you have stolen them, only makes it worse. For example, if everybody only downloads, movies wouldn't make money and the studios wouldn't invest millions of dollars to make new ones. Many people may think it better, easier and cheaper to do downloading. I think, that is the main reason why Internet users prefer sharing something to buying them. In the modern world we love convenience and what could be more convenient than getting music, films and games without having to leave your house? You don't need to pay for what you get, there is no registration, and you don't have to wait until shops open or the CD/DVD you want is posted to you. However, you could be in big trouble if you are caught. You could go to prison as a result of acting unlawfully, but so far only a tiny Amount of people have been charged for downloading illegally. The majority of people who download illegally, and use the files for their personal use, will not get into trouble. And that's why it's important for people to understand what the long-term consequences are if they don't want to pay for their music, films and TV. Will film and music companies still spend millions of pounds every year if they have no chance of making a profit? The answer is plainly "no". Finally I would like to say that the Internet offers a lot of services for money, but people will always try to get them for free. To summarize my thoughts I'd like to highlight that illegal downloading is both unfair towards producers and dangerous for those who practice this kind of activity. You have to decide whether to buy or download. 8. Many people download files free from the Internet because . A. they follow others' examples to do such things B. they don't think they may be charged by the producer C. they think everything on the Net can be shared by others D. they think it is legal, convenient and easy 9. What can be inferred from Paragraph 2? A. Downloading helps movies become more popular. B. Downloading free files is as illegal as stealing. C. Sharing files on the Internet is dangerous. D. Sharing files on the Internet can make a profit. 10. What does the underline word "highlight" in Paragraph 4 mean? A. Stress. B. Explain. C. Admit. D. Deny. 11. What is the author's purpose of writing this text? A. He advises readers to download legal files. B. He asks readers to limit the amount of free downloading. 3

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C. D. He wants to make it clear that downloading for free is against the law. He tells readers how to avoid being charged for downloading. D Most of the time, the ground feels solid beneath our feet. That's comforting. But it's also misleading because there's actually a lot going on underground. Masses of land (called plates) slip, slide, and bump against each other, slowly changing the shape of continents and oceans over millions and billions of years. Scientists know that Earth formed about 4.5 billion year ago. They also know that our planet was hot at first. As it cooled, its outermost layer, called the crust(地壳), eventually formed moving plates. Exactly when this shift happened, however, is an open question. Now, an international group of researchers has an answer. They've found evidence suggesting that Earth's crust started shifting at least 3.8 billion years ago. The new estimate is 1.3 billion years earlier than previous ones. Not long before 3.8 billion years ago, lots of small plates were hitting Earth, keeping its crust in a hot, melting state. After the hard crust formed, much of it sank at various times into the planet's hot insides. There, it melted before returning to the surface. In some places, however, the crust never sank. One of the oldest such places is in Greenland, in an area called the Isua supracrustal (上地壳) belt. The rocky crust there is between 3.7 and 3.8 billion years old. The belt was once part of the seafloor, but now it is exposed to air. The researchers recently took a close look at the Isua supracrurstal belt. They noticed long, parallel cracks (裂缝) in the rock that have been filled in with a type of volcanic rock. To explain this structure, the scientists propose that tension in the crust caused the seafloor to crack open long ago. Hot, liquid rock oozed from deep inside Earth to fill the cracks. Finally, the whole area cooled, forming what we see today. That explanation, plus chemical clues inside the rock, suggests the Isua supracrurstal belt was once part of a plate under the ocean, beginning around 3.8 billion years ago. "It's a fantastic case of solving a jigsaw puzzle," says one of the researchers. He notes that the puzzle was "a very difficult one because these rocks are all. very old and have been badly ruined." 12. The underline phrase "oozed from" in Paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to . A. filled up gradually B. washed away quickly C. flew out of slowly D. broke through suddenly 13. What can we infer from the text? A. The shapes of continents and oceans changed slowly. B. the Earth's crust started shifting 1.3 billion years ago. C. The crust began to shift when the Earth was hot. D. The hit from small planets made the Earth cool. 14. What do scientists know about the past of the Isua supracrustal belt? A. It was once covered by hot, liquid rock. B. It remained under the deep sea. C. It stayed hot and sinking. D. It kept moving slowly. 15. The text is mainly about . A. why the Earth cooled B. how the Isua supracrustal belt formed C. whether the ground beneath our feet is still D. when Earth's crust began shifting 4

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第二节(共 5 小题) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。

选项中有两项为多余选项。

Sometimes you just want to to get away. Your older brother and his friends are constantly camped in front of the TV, your baby sister won't stay out of your room, and you want some time for yourself. But when you get it — maybe at a friend's house for an all-weekend DVD marathon or on spring break at Disney World — you're surprised to find yourself missing the chaos at home a bit. What's that all about? 16 When you're homesick, you might feel nostalgic(怀念的)for familiar things like your family, friends, pets, house, or neighborhood. Homesickness isn't only for kids. 17 Teens might get homesick when they leave home for the first extended period of time, like during a vacation with a friend's family. Familiar surroundings, people, and routines provide people with a sense of security and comfort. 18 Those homesick feelings are completely normal. 19 Others may feel physical symptoms, like stomachache or headache, or even become truly depressed. Most of the time, once the new surroundings and people become more familiar, feelings of homesickness go away. If you have additional stress in your life — like a divorce or a death in the family — homesickness can be more intense. Almost everyone has felt homesick at some time. 20 It means you have family and friends worth missing and a place you want to return when your adventure away from home is over. A. Believe it or not, you're feeling homesick. B. Remember that there's a good side to homesickness, too. C. Luckily, homesickness is usually mild and doesn't last long. D. Some people may only feel a little loneliness, sadness, or anxiety. E. And you can do some things to make sure it doesn't spoil your fun. F. Practically everyone feels homesick from time to time, even adults. G. In a new place, you may find yourself missing the comforts of home and loved ones. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

At an airport I overheard a father and his daughter in their last moments together. They had announced her plane's 21 and standing near the door, he said to his daughter, "I love you; I wish you enough." She said, "Daddy, our 22 together has been more than enough. Your love is all I ever needed. I wish you enough, too, Daddy." They kissed good-bye and she 23 . He walked over toward the window where I was seated. Standing there I could see he wanted and needed to 24 . I tried not to interfere his 25 , but he welcomed me in by asking, "Did you ever say good-bye to someone 26 it would be forever?" "Yes, I have," I 27 . Saying that brought back 28 I had of expressing my love and 29 for all my 5

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Dad had done for me. Recognizing that his days were 30 , I took the time to tell him face to face how much he meant to me. So I knew what this man was 31 . When I asked why it was a forever good-bye, he said he was 32 and her daughter lived much too far away. He guessed this departure might be the 33 before his funeral. When I asked him why they said "I wish you enough", he explained that had been 34 from other generations. His 35 used to say it to everyone, by which they wanted other people to have a life filled with enough 36 things to support them. “I wish you enough sun to 37 your attitude bright. I wish you enough rain to appreciate the sun more. I wish you enough happiness to keep your spirit 38 . I wish you enough pain. 39 the smallest joys in life appear much bigger. I wish you enough gains to 40 your wanting. I wish you enough 'Hellos' to get you through the final 'Good-bye‟.” He then began to sob and walked away. 21. A. departure B. trouble C. flight D. accident 22. A. story B. life C. work D. relation 23. A. smiled B. screamed C. agreed D. left 24. A. shout. B. cry C. repeat D. laugh 25. A. consideration B. excitement C. privacy D. thought 26. A. remembering B. knowing C. doubting D. imagining 27. A. understood B. added C. insisted D. replied 28. A. sights B. choices C. pictures D. memories 29. A. appreciation B. sympathy C. enjoyment D. expectation 30. A. fast B. terrible C. limited D. hard 31. A. meaning B. experiencing C. wondering D. questioning 32. A. old B. busy C. tired D. nervous 33. A. interval B. beginning C. pause D. last 34. A. made out B. made up C. handed over D. handed down 35. A. parents B. leaders C. colleagues D. friends 36. A. funny B. valuable C. special D. normal 37. A. find B. prove C. keep D. lead 38. A. alive B. alone C. open D. calm 39. A. even if B. now that C. so that D. as if 40. A. prevent B. improve C. satisfy D. change 第Ⅱ卷 注意事项: 用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。

写在本试卷上无效。

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节) 第二节(共 10 小题) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

I can well remember that I was once asked to deliver a speech titled "A Real Test in My Life" before the whole class at age of 9! You can imagine how 41 (terrible) shy I was the moment I thought of that with so many eyes 42 (fix) upon me. I bad no 43 (choose) but to prepare for it, though. First of all, I was to draft the speech, which was just a piece 6

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