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2017上海暑期英语七升八语法-代词易混点总结-学生版

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精锐教育 1 对 3 辅导讲义 学员姓名: 年 级:七升八 授课日期 主 题 学科教师: 辅导科目:英语 2017 年 7 月 22 日 时 间 15:00-17:00 代词易混点总结 1.掌握代词的分类以及各类代词的使用; 2.了解各类代词之间的区别以及联系; 3.能在具体的语境中正确使用各类代词。

教学内容 学习目标 代词易混点总结 【知识梳理 1】物主代词和反身代词 人称 类别 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 反身代词 单数 my mine myself 第一人称 复数 our our ourselves 单数 your yours yourself 第二人称 复数 your yours yourselves 单数 his, her, its his, hers, its himself, herself, itself 第三人称 复数 their theirs themselves ①名词性物主代词 = 形容词性物主代词 + 名词 ; ②a + 名词 + of + 名词性物主代词(e.g. a friend of mine) Whose coat is this? --It’s hers. (hers= her coat) Jessica is a friend of his but not mine. 反身代词常和 enjoy, help, dress, teach 等动词及介词 by 连用。

Enjoy yourselves to some cakes and drinks Tom is able to make a living by himself. it 常用语句型:It is + adj. + for/of sb. to do sth. for 翻译为“对某人来说做某事怎样”,修饰后面的事;of 翻译为“某人做某事事怎样的”,修饰人的性格 It is important for us to learn English well. It is foolish of you to trust a man like him. 【例题精讲 1】 I. 用适当的人称代词填空: 1 / 17

1. __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________. (she) 2. China is a developing country. _________is in the east of Asia. (its) 3. What day is __________ today? — __________ is Thursday. (its) 4. I own a blue bike. The red one isn’t __________. (I) 5. These new houses are so nice. __________are very expensive. (them) 6. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________? (them) 7. Ling Ling is a girl.____studies in a primary school.______ brother lives with ____ and helps ___ with______ lesso ns. (she) 8. Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at English. (his) 9. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____? (she) 10. What’s the weather like today? ____ is cloudy. (its) II. 用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空 1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday. (I) Can I have one of ____ ? (you) 2. George has lost ____ (his) pen. Ask Mary if(是否)she will lend him ____ . (she) 3. Jack has a dog and so have I.____(he)dog and ____(I) had a fight. 4. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____ (he) 5. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of ____ are coming to see us. (they) 6. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of ____. (we) 7. This isn’t________knife. _________ is green. (she) 8. These are your books Kate. Put ________in the desk, please.(they) 9. _______ must look after ________ things. (you) 10. Wei Fang, is that ________ ruler? Yes, it’ s.(you) 【巩固练习 1】 1. --Is Miss White ______ English teacher, Maria? --No, she teaches ______ geography. A. your; my 2. B. you; mine C. you; us 2 / 17 D. your; us His MP3 is the same as , but it is more expensive.

A. him 3. B. mine C. my D. her ---Is this kite ______, Tom? ---Yes, it’s mine. It’s made by _____ . A. yours, myself B. mine, myself B. their B. his B. you B.that B. me C. ours, himself C. themselves C. she C. them C.them C. my D.it D. mine D. yours, mine D. they D. her D. themselves 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. College students are old enough to teach ______. A. them A. he A. him A.this A. it Is there any difference between your idea and ______ ? Don’t just wait for other’s help. God help those who help . All of us findnecessary to take exercise every day. Could you please lend me some money? I’ve run out of _____. Whose jacket is this? Is it Mr. Wang’s? —No. ______ is on the desk. A. Him B. His C. He D. Himself 10. --Do you know ________ this dictionary belongs to? --Let me see. Oh, it’s __________. A. who does, mine A. we A. you B. who, me B. us B. your C. whose, mine C. our C. yours D. who, mine D. ours D. yourself 11. We must protect plants. They are friends of ______. 12. Help ________ to some fish, Jeff. 13. —I’ll do the washing-up. Jack, would you please dothe floors? —Why ______? Susan is sitting there doing nothing. A. her A. I A. This; to B. she C. I B. me B. It; to D. me C. my C. This; for D. mine D. It; for 14. It is a good habit ofto read a few lines before going to bed. 15. ______ is really hard ______ them to climb such a high mountain. 【知识梳理 2】不定代词 few, a few, little, a little 代词 a few a little few little + 名词类别 + 可数复数 + 不可数名词 + 可数复数 + 不可数名词 常见考点 ★ only/quite + so/very + / ★ 否定含义; 前否后肯 备注 3 / 17

【例题精讲 2】 1. There is _______ water in the glass. Let's go and get some. A. few B. much C. many D. little 2. We still have _______ apples in the basket. You don’t have to buy any. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 3. I am new here. So I have _______friends here. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 4. I’m _______ thirsty. Can I get something to drink, mom? A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 5. There is _______ money in my pocket, so I can’t buy anything now. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 6. He has_______ friends here, he feels lonely (孤独地). A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 7. I enjoy my life here. I have_______ friends and we meet quite often. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 8 The lake is not near, so there are _______ people going swimming there. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 9. The twins can speak only _______ French. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 10.Let's go and have a drink. We still have _______time before the train leaves. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 【巩固练习 2】 1. Each of us should have_______ life goals, which will guide us to a bridge future. Without life goals, we may waste our lifetime. A. a little 2. 3. A. little B. few B. few C. a few C. a little D. little D. a few We need to go shopping. There is_________ juice left in the fridge. —Can you speak English, Mr. Wang? —Yes, but only_________ A. little 4. B. a little C. a few 4 / 17 D. few He doesn’t talk a lot. He is a man of_________ words.

A. few 5. 6. 7. 8. A. very little A. a little A. a few B. little B. very few B. little B. few C. a few C. quite a little C. a few C. little D. few D. a little D. quite a few My elder brother has read_________ detective stories. He invited some classmates to come to his party, but _______ came. The man has_________ friends in this city, so he often stays at home. D. a little —Is your friend Michael still in Australia? —I don't know. I have_________ information about him because we haven't seen each other for_________ years. A. a little ; a few B. little; a few B. a few; few B. is there C. a few; a little C. a few, little C. is it D. few; a little D. a little; few D. isn’t it 9. In our school, ______ students like English, but ______ of them can speak English smoothly. A. a little; a few A. isn’t there 10. There is little water in the bottle, _________? 【知识梳理 3】不定代词 all, both, either 不定代词 both neither either all none ≥3 =2 数量级 动词单复数 复数 ★ 单数 单/复数 单/复数 固定搭配 (词组&动词) both…and neither…nor either…or / none of 复数 ★ 就近原则 / all 表示三者以上都 both 表示两者都 either 二者选其一 【例题精讲 3】 1. We asked John and Jerry, but ________ of them could offer a satisfactory explanation. A. either B. none C. both D. neither 2. I invited Joe and Linda to dinner, but ________ of them came A. neither B. either C. none D. both 3. — Can you come on Monday or Tuesday? —I’m afraid ________ day is possible. A. either B. neither C. some D. any 4. Jane was asked a lot of questions, but she didn’t answer ____ of them. A. other B. any C. none D. some 5. — There’s coffee and tea; you can have ________. —Thanks. 5 / 17

A. either B. each C. one D. it 6. — Do you want tea or coffee? — ________. I really don’t mind. A. Both B. None C. Either D. Neither 7. I had to buy ________ these books because I didn’t know which one was the best. A. both B. none C. neither D. all 8. Mr. Ascot, headmaster of the school, refused to accept ________ of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Un ion. A. either B. neither C. any D. none 9. They were all tired, but ________ of them would stop to take a rest. A. any B. some C. none D. neither 10. It is easy to do the repair. ________ you need is a hammer and some nails. A. Something B. All C. Both D. Everything 【巩固练习 3】 1. 2. Sam looks like his Dad. They are_________ tall. A. either B. any C. all D. both ---Which of the two T-shirts will you take? ---I’ll take_________, one for my brother, the other for myself. A. either 3. B. neither C. all D. both ---What do you usually do in your spare time, playing the violin or the piano? ---I do ___________of them. I practice singing with some volunteers. A. either 4. B. both C. all D. neither The books are so nice, which one can I take? — Oh, you can take _________ of them. I’ll keep none. A. both 5. 6. A. all B. all B. both C. neither C. neither D. either D. either I have two children, and _____ of them are working in the west of China. —Will you go to the London Olympic Games with your sister? —Dad can only afford one ticket, so of us has to stay at home. A. either 7. 8. A. each B. all B. every C. both C. both D. neither D. all There are many flowers and trees on_________ sides of the Century Road. Do you like communicating with your friends on QQ or MSN? —_________. I’d rather_________ mobile phone. A. Either, use B. Neither, use C. Both, not to use 6 / 17 D. Neither, to use

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