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虚拟语气

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虚拟语气 请选出正确的选项 1. --- John went to the hospital alone. --- If he _____ me about it, I would have gone with him. A. should tell B. tells C. told D. had told C. will be saved D. was saved 2. Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy ______ . A. would have been saved 一 条件虚拟语气 1. If I were you ,I should go there at once.(与_____事实相反) If I knew his telephone number, I would ring him up. 2. If he had seen you yesterday , he would have asked you about it (与______事实相反) . 3. If it were to snow tomorrow , they would not go out.(与______事实相反) If it should rain ,the crops would be saved. If you succeeded, everything would be all right. 虚拟情况 与过去事实相反 的虚拟语气 与现在事实相反 的虚拟语气 与将来事实相反 的虚拟语气 练习: 1. If it _____ rain tomorrow ,we would have to cancel the football match. A. were B. would C. will D. should C. will be saved D. was saved 2. If I had known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy _____. A. would have been saved 3. If A. was B. were B. had been saved D. should be I ______ a bird , I could fly. C. were to ① ② ③ 虚拟条件句 主句 B. had been saved 4. —John went to the hospital alone. —If he________me about it, I would have gone with him. A.should tell B.tells C.told D.had told 5. If you came tomorrow, we ______ the meeting. A. will have B. had C. would have D. would have had 6. If he ______ today, I would tell him the news. A. comes B. will come C. is coming D. came 7. If Tom ______ harder next time, he would pass the examination. A. tr B. would have tr C. will try D. is trying 1

虚拟语气 使用虚拟条件句要注意的几点: ( 1) 倒装: 1.Were it necessary, I might resign. 2.Had you informed me earlier, I would not have signed the contract. 3.Should I have time, I would call on her 4.Should it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Summer Palace 在 if 虚拟条件句中有_____,______,_______时,可省略 ______,把_____, ______,_______ 提 到主语前面,变为倒装句式。

1. ______ her work for the sake of the family years ago, she would be as successful as her husband now. A. Would she not give up C. Had she not given up B. If she didn’t give up D. Should she not give up 2. _____ the day after tomorrow, the flight show _____. A. Should it rain; would be put off C. Will it rain; might be put off 3. ______ today, he would get there by Friday. A. Would he leave B. Was he leaving C. Were he to leave D. If he leaves B. If it rains; will put off D. If it were to rain; would put off (2)混合(错综)型虚拟条件句 当条件从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时, 被称为“错综虚拟条件句”或“混合虚拟条 件句”,动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间作出相应的调整,根据其实际的时间概念来确定。

If you had had my advice just now, you would be better now. 1. If you had brought your swimsuit with you , we ____ swimming in the lake now. A. could go B. could have gone C. can go D. have gone 2. —The weather has been very hot and dry. —Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables____. A.wouldn't die d B.didn't die C.hadn't d D.wouldn't have (3) 含蓄虚拟条件句 有时, 假设的情况不通过条件句表示出来而通过介词短语, 上下文或其他方式表现出来。

有以下几种情况: ① without, with, but for 等引导的虚拟语气。

2

虚拟语气 Without water, there would be no life. With your help, we might finish the task earlier . But for your help, I wouldn’t have passed the exam. 1. I _____ through that bitter period without your generous help. A. couldn’t have gone A. can not finish B. didn’t go C. wouldn’t go D. hadn’t gone D. could not have finished 2. But for their help,we________the program in time. B. will not finish C. had not finished ② or, otherwise, but 或通过上下文表示等引导的虚拟语气。

You didn’t come yesterday, or you ______________________him. (see) He was busy yesterday; otherwise, he ____________________ to the party. (come) Five minutes earlier and you could have met her at the station. They must have been enjoying themselves there, otherwise they _____ so long. A. can’t have stayed C. needn’t have stayed B. wouldn’t have stayed D. couldn’t stay (4) 在 If it were not for…或 If it had been not for…句型中的虚拟语气。

If it were not for music, life would be dull. If it had not been for my brother’s help, I would not have finished the task. ______ for the doctor’s careful treatment, he ______ till last year. A. If it is not; isn’t able to live C. had it not been; couldn’t have lived B. Were it not; wasn’t able to live D. If it were not; wouldn’t have lived 二.虚拟语气用于名词性从句 (1)虚拟语气在宾语从句中的运用。

①“wish + 宾语从句”表示不能实现的愿望,译为“要是……就好了”等。

1. I wish I knew the answer.(与_______事实相反) 2. I wish I had known the answer.(与______事实相反) 3. I wish he would come tomorrow.(与_______-事实相反) 对现在情况的虚拟:wish + 主语 +_______________________________ 对过去情况的虚拟:wish + 主语 + _______________________________ 对将来情况的虚拟:wish + 主语 + _________________________________ 1. --- Where are the children ? The dinner’s going to be ruined compeletly. --- I wish they ______ always late. A. weren’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t be D. wouldn’t have been ②在表示建议、 要求、 命令等的动词 advise 建议 , demand 要求 , desire 渴望 , command 命令, insist 坚持 , prefer 宁愿, urge 主张, order 命令, request 要求 , require 要求 , suggest 建议等后的 3

虚拟语气 宾语从句中,谓语动词用___________________________________。

如: 1. Jane’s parents suggested that she (should) have a medical examination. 2. The doctor ordered she should be operated. 3. He demands that he(should)be told everything. 4. Jane's pale face suggested that she was ill, and her parents suggested that she(should)have a medical examination. 1. The government urged that every effort ____ to bring down food prices. A. is made for safety. A.not allow A. refers B.do not allow C.mustn't allow D.couldn't allow B. referring C. referred B. he went; be D. refer 3. I suggested the person _____ to be put into prison 4. I insisted _____to see a doctor, but he insisted nothing ___ wrong with him A. on him to go; should be C. he go; was D. he should to; is B. will be made C. be made D. must be made 2. Teachers recommend parents ________their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school (2)虚拟语气在同位语从句和表语从句中的运用。

作表示建议、要求、命令等的名词 advise、idea、order、demand、plan、proposal、suggestion、 request 等的表语从句和同位语从句, 从句中的谓语动词用_____________________________。

如: His suggestion that we (should)go to Shanghai is wonderful. My idea is that they (should)pay 100 dollars. The workers’ requirement was that their working conditions be improved. (3)虚拟语气在主语从句中的运用。

在主语从句中,谓语动词的虚拟语气用“should + 动词原形”的结构,表示惊奇、不相信、理应如此等。

It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.)that we should clean the room every day. It was a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.)that you should be so careless. It will be desired that she should finish her homework this afternoon. It is suggested, ordered, proposed, required, demanded, requested, insisted; + (should) do It is important, necessary, natural, desirable, strange, advisable, imperative… + (should) do It is a pity, a shame, no wonder + (should) do 三 虚拟语气在其他场合的运用 (1)虚拟语气在 as if/as though、even if/even though 等引导的表语从句或状语从句中 He often behaves as though he were better than us. 他经常做出一副比我们都强的样子。

Carl talked about Paris as though he had been there himself. Even if he were here himself, he should not know what to do. 即是他亲自来也不知该怎么办。

Even if she had been there,Margaret could not have done anything earlier. 4

虚拟语气 (2)虚拟语气用于定语从句中。

这 种 从 句 常 用 于 句 型 “It is (high)time (that) … ” 中 , 定 语 从 句 的 谓 语 动 词 用 __________________________意思是“(现在)该……”。

如: It’s time that I picked up my daughter. It’s high time we were going. 练习:1.It's high time the government________measures to help the graduates. A.takes B.took C.will take D.has taken 2.---What time is it by your watch? ---It’s ten o’clock. It’s high time that we ______ back home. A. go B. went C. will go D. do go (3)虚拟语气用在 if only 引导的感叹句中。

如: If only I were a bird. only if 表示"只有": 练习:—Why do you look so upset? —I broke up with my girlfriend. If only I________more about her. A.care B.cared C.had cared D.had been cared If only I had taken his advice. I wake up only if the alarm clock rings. 只有闹钟响了,我才会醒。

(4)在 would (had) rather(宁愿) 引导的宾语从句中 当从句表示现在或将来的时间时,谓语动词要用___________; 表示过去时间时,谓语动词要用_____________________ I would rather he came tomorrow than today. I would rather he had not told me about that. 1. ___the clouds, you would find the airplane in the sky easily A. Had it not been for B. If it were not C. If it had not been for D. Were it not for 2. If my lawyer ____here last Sunday, he ____ me from going A. had been, would have prevented C. were, prevent B. had been, would prevent D. were, would have prevented C. Should he work C. Did he to leave D. Were he to work 3. ____hard, he would have passed the exam A. If he were to work B. Had he worked 4. ____today, he would get there by Friday A. Were he to leave A. are A. has come B. were B. If he had left C. would be C. come D. Had he left 5. Had you listened to the doctor, you ____all right now D. would have been D. had come 6. I did not see your sister at the meeting. If she ____, she would have met my brother B. did come 7. He ____busy yesterday, or he ___you with your experiment. A. was, had helped C. had been, would have helped A. were not, could have climb B. was, would have helped D. were, would have helped B. were not, could climb 8. If it ____for the snow, we____ the mountain yesterday C. had not been, could have climbed D. hadn’t been, could climb 9. Without electricity, human life ____quite difficult today A. is B. will be C. would have been 5 D. would be

虚拟语气 10. ---I am going to tell her the news ---I would as soon you _____her about it A. didn’t tell A. stayed B. don’t tell B. could stay C. hadn’t tell C. has stayed D. won’t tell D. stay D. put on 11. Mike’s father, as well as his mother, insisted he ____home 12. It was requested that the play ____again A. should put on A. had sent for B. would put on B. send C. be put on 13. She insisted that a doctor _____ immediately C. be sent for D. was sent 14. ---Did you scold him for his carelessness ----Yes, but ____it A. I’d rather not do B. I’d rather not have d C. I should’ t do D. I’d better not do C. didn’t lose D. haven’t lost 15. If only I ___my car 。

A. hadn’t lost A. is A. do A. is A. were A. hold B. would B. didn’t do B. were C. were B. wouldn’t lose D. wouldn’t be 16. But for water, it ____impossible to live in the earth 17. I would rather you ____anything about it for the time being C. don’t D. didn’t C. had been D. should be D. should be 18. The kind-hearted couple treat the orphan very well as though he ____ their own son 19. How the old people wish that they ____young once more B. could become B. held C. had been 20. It is high time that we ____ a meeting to discuss this problem C. have held D. had held 1----10:答案:D A B A C D B C D A 11----20:答案; D C C B A C B B A B 6

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