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there be 句型

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there be 句型 一、there be 句型基本认识 1.定义:There be 句型表示某处存在某物或某人。

2.结构:(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语. (2) There are +复数名词+地点状语. there 是引导词,在句中不充当任何成分,翻译时也不必译出。

句子的主语是某人或某物,谓语动词 be 要与主语(某人 或某物)的数保持一致。

当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。

如: ① There is a bird in the tree. 树上有一只鸟。

② There is a teacher and many students in our classroom. 我们教室里有一位老师和许多学生。

③ There are two boys and a girl under the tree. 树下有两个男孩,一个女孩。

二、there be 句型的常考点 考点一:各种句型转化 1.变成否定:There be 句型的否定式的构成和含有 be 动词的其它句型一样,在 be 后加上 not 或 no 即可。

注意:not 和 no 的不同:not 是副词,no 为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于 no+ n. 例句:①There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall. ②There is a bike behind the tree. → There isn't a bike behind the tree. =There is no bike behind the tree. 2.变成一般疑问句 :There be 句型的一般疑问句变化是把 be 动词调整到句首,再在句尾加上问号即可。

注意:当肯定句中有 some 时,要将其改为 any(否定变化也一样) 。

例句:①There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars? ②There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water? 3.特殊疑问句:对主语提问:当主语是人的时候,则用 who 引导,当主语是物的时候,则用 what 引导。

注意:无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用 be 的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。

例句:①There are many things over there. →What's over there? ②There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room? (1)对地点状语提问:则用 where 引导。

例句:①There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer? ②There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children? (2)对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构: ①How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语? ②How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语? 考点二:there be 句型的时态 be 可以有现在时(there is/are) 、过去时(there was/were)、将来时(there is/are going to be 或 there will be) 和完成时(there have/has been);还可用 there must be ,there can’t be, there used to be 等。

(真题)---There ______ a concert this evening. ---Yeah. Exciting news! A.are going to be B. is going to be C. is going to have D. will have 考点三:there be 句型反意疑问句的构成:be (not) there? (真题)There is some milk in the bottle, ____ ? A.isn't there B.aren't there C.isn't it D.are there 考点四:there be 句型的主谓一致: There be 结构中的 be 动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致,遵循就近原则。

(真题)There ___ any rice in the bowl. A. are B. is C. isn’t D. aren’t (真题)There ___ many apples on the tree last year. A. have been B. were C. are D. is 考点五:there be 句型用的其他动词: there be 句型中有时不用动词 be ,而用 come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be , happen to be ,等。

(真题)There ____ a knife and a fork on the table. A.seems to be B. seem to be C. is seeming to be D. are ☆there be 句型与 have 句型的区别 (1)There be 句型和 have 都表示“有”的含义。

There be 表示“某处存在某物或某人” ;have 表示“某人拥有某物/某人” ,它表示所有、拥有关系。

例句:①He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。

②There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。

(2) 当 have 表示“包括” 、 “存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。

例句:A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。

小题练一练 一、将下列句子变成否定句和一般疑问句。

1.There is some water in the bottle. 2. There are many apples in the box. 3.There is a little milk in the glass. 4.There are lots of books in our library. 5.There is a knife over there. 二、选择填空。

9.There___ not ____ milk in the cup on the table . A.are, many B. are , much C. is ,many D. is ,much 10.How many ___ are there in the room ? A.apple B. students C. milk D. paper 11.Do you know if ___ a meeting next Sunday ? A.there was going to have B. there was going to be C. is there going to be D. there will be 12.- Is this the last exam we have to take ? - No, but there ____ another test three months later from now. A.will be going to B. is C. will be D. has been 13.There ______ great changes in such kind of computers in the last few years. A.is B. are C. will be D. have been 14.There _____ a film tomorrow evening. A.will have B.have C.is going to be D.has 15.There ________ a football match on TV this evening. A.will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have 16.There ____ a school at the foot of the hill. A.have B.stand C.are D.stands 17.There's going to ____ in tomorrow's newspapers. A.have something new B. have new something C. be something new D. be new something 19.How many boys ____ there in Class one? A.be B. is C. are D. am 20.There ____ a lot of good news in today's newspaper. A.is B. are C. was D. were 21.There ____ pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk. A.is a B. are some C. has a D. have some 22.There ____ an apple and ten bananas in the basket. You can take any of them. A. are B. is C. has D. have 23. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street? A.Is there B.Are there C.Has D.Have 24. There ____ great changes in our country since 1982. A.have been B. were C. has been D. are 25. There is little water in the glass, ____ ? A.isn't there B. isn't it C. is it D. is there 26. ----There is no air or water on the moon. Is there? --- ____.

A.Yes, there are B. No, there isn't C. Yes, there isn't D. No, there is 27.----What did you see in the basket then ? ----There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges. A.is B. are C. was D. were 28. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street ? A.Is there B. Are there C. Has D. Have 29. ____ is there on the table? A. How many apples B. How much bread C. How much breads D. How many food 30.There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me? A.any B. some C. a D. an 30.How many ____ are there in your classroom? A.desks B. desk C. chair D. door 31.There ____ something wrong with our classroom. A.are B. has C. is D. have 32.There is some ____ on the table. A.apple B. orange C. cake D. sandwich 三、汉译英。

34.房子前面有一辆小汽车。

35.今晚不开会。

36.我能为你做点什么吗? 37.山脚下有一棵大树。

38.你们班有多少学生? 39.桌子上放着什么? 40.你丢的那个钱包里有多少钱?

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