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利用浅层剖面仪测定深圳茅洲河淤泥量研究

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本 科 毕 业 设 计 ( 论 文) 利用浅层剖面仪测定深圳茅洲河淤泥量研 究 Study on The Determination of Shenzhen Maozhou River Silt with Sub-bottom Profiler 学 院: 测绘工程学院 测绘 122 学 号: 2012122876 专业班级: 学 生 姓 名 : 仲伟杰 指 导 教 师 : 史建青(副教授) 2016 年 5 月

淮海工学院本科生毕业设计(论文)诚信承诺书 1.本人郑重地承诺所呈交的毕业设计(论文),是在指导教师的 指导下严格按照学校和学院有关规定完成的。

2.本人在毕业设计(论文)中引用他人的观点和参考资料均加以 注释和说明。

3.本人承诺在毕业设计(论文)选题和研究过程中没有抄袭他人 研究成果和伪造相关数据等行为。

4.在毕业设计(论文)中对侵犯任何方面知识产权的行为,由本 人承担相应的法律责任。

毕业设计(论文)作者签名: 年 月 日

毕业设计(论文)中文摘要 利用浅层剖面仪测定深圳茅洲河淤泥量研究 摘 要:本论文主要对深圳茅洲河的水深、水下地形、淤泥量进行一系列研究。

研究运用了先进的浅地层剖面探测技术, 利用了高精度的 GPS 系统来进行测线设 定, 实现深圳茅洲河水下淤泥层的三维探测, 最后确定淤泥的开挖深度。

利用 ISE 软件系统对采集数据进行淤泥层空间现状进行分析, 并采用高分辨率数据处理技 术实现对探测结果的处理分析和图像重建,寻找清晰而连续的地层分界线,最后 在图像中量取淤泥厚度。

利用三角柱求和方法精确的计算出淤泥量。

关键词:浅地层剖面仪;水下地形探测;淤泥量

毕业设计(论文)外文摘要 Study on The Determination of Shenzhen Maozhou River Silt with Sub-bottom Profiler Abstract:This thesis mainly conducts a series of studies on Shenzhen Maozhou river water depth, underwater topography, amount of silt. The advanced shallow stratum profile detection technique is used to set the measuring line with the high precision GPS system to realize the three-dimensional detection of the silt layer in the Shenzhen river. Using ISE software system of data acquisition for silt layer space of the status quo analysis,and the processing and analysis of the detection results and the image reconstruction are realized by using the high resolution data processing technique, looking for clear and consistent stratigraphic boundary, finally in the image measurement thickness of silt. Using the method of triangle column to calculate the amount of silt. Keywords:Sub-bottom Profiler;Silt content; Underwater topographic survey

目录 1 绪论„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„1 1.1 研究目的及意义„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„1 1.2 国内外现状和发展趋势„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„1 1.2.1 国内现状„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„1 1.2.2 国外现状„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„2 1.2.3 发展趋势„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„2 1.3 研究内容„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„3 2 浅地层剖面测量„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„3 2.1 仪器介绍„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„3 2.1.1 浅地层剖面仪„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„3 2.2 功能及应用领域„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„4 2.3 工作原理„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„4 3 SES-2000compact 水下测量„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„7 3.1 验潮„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„7 3.1.1 潮汐原理„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„7 3.1.2 验潮方法„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„8 3.1.3 验潮数据„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9 3.2 仪器操作„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„10 3.2.1 仪器检测„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9 3.2.2 仪器安装„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9 3.3 三角网图„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„11 3.4 ISE 处理„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„12 3.4.1 软件系统特点„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„13 3.4.2 数据成图„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„13 3.5 淤泥量计算„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„16 结论„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„18 致谢„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„19 参考文献„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„20

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