知识库

直接引语和间接引语

网站:知识库   来源:网络收集

直接引语和间接引语 直接引述别人的原话,叫直接引语。

用自己的话转述别人的话,叫间接引语。

间接引语在多数情况下构成宾语从句。

“What’s the matter with you?”和“What’s wrong with you?” “which is the way to …”? 改为间接引语时语 序不变 一、连词变化 若直接引语引号里的内容是陈述句,那么改为间接时,要用连词 that (可以省略) 若直接引语引号里的内容是一般疑问句,那么改为间接时,要用连词 if/whether (不可以省略) 若直接引语引号里的内容是特殊疑问句,那么改为间接时,要用连词 wh- 即特殊疑问词本身(不可省) (一)陈述句的间接引语 将陈述句转换为间接引语,通常用连词 that(可省略)引导的宾语从句来表达。

引述的动词常见的有 say 和 tell 等。

He said, “I caught a cold yesterday.”→He said Helen said to me, “I’m tired of taking such exams.”→Helen told me He said, “A friend in need is a friend indeed.”→He said He said, “The train leaves at 7 p.m.”→He said He said, “The PRC was founded in 1949.”→He said (二)疑问句的间接引语 直接引语如果是疑问句,变成间接引语后,谓语动词常变成 ask, wonder, want to know 等,把疑问语序变成陈述语序, 句末不用问号,用句号。

1.一般疑问句的间接引语:间接引语中不用 say to sb,要用 ask sb 来引述。

直接引语为一般疑问句时,变间接引语时 用连词 if/whether 引导。

I asked him, “Are you satisf with the results?”→I asked him “Are you interested in English or not?” asked Kate.→Kate wanted to know 2.特殊疑问句的间接引语:用连词 wh- 即特殊疑问词本身(不可省)来引导。

“What do you do in your free time?” he asked me.→He asked me “What’s wrong?” Paul asked.→Paul asked 二、how to 变化 1.主句谓语动词常为 said 或 said to,变为间接引语时,当直接引语是陈述句时,said 不变。

当直接引语是一般疑问 句和特殊疑问句时,则要把 said 或 said to 变为 asked / asked sb. 2.从句人称的变化:遵循一主、二宾、三不变的原则。

①直接引语的主语是第一人称变为间接引语时要和主句的主语保持一致。

They said, “We will go there by bus.” → They said they would go there by bus. ②直接引语的主语是第二人称变为间接引语时要与主句的宾语保持一致。

She said to me, “Are you interested in science?” →She asked me if I was interested in science. ③如果直接引语的主语是第三人称变为间接引语时,人称不变。

His mother said to me, “He can't go to school.” →His mother told me that he couldn't go to school. ④如果说话人转述自己的话,人称则可不变。

I said to him, “I have finished it.” →I told him I had finished it. 3.从句动词时态的变化 (1)如果主句的时态是一般过去时,从句的时态则应是与主句时态相应的过去时态。

The girl said, “I'm sorry for being late for class.” →The girl said that she was sorry for being late for class. (2)直接引语变为间接引语时,如果主句中的谓语动词是一般现在时或一般将来时,则间接引语从句的时态保持不变。

He says,“I have finished my homework.” →He says that he has finished his homework. She will say, “I'll do it tomorrow.” →She will say that she'll do it the next day. (3) “四不变” ①直接引语如果是客观事实或真理,变为间接引语时,从句时态不变。

例如: The teacher said, “The earth moves around the sun.” →The teacher said that the earth moves around the sun. ②直接引语中被引述的部分是反复出现,习惯性的动作或说话时情况仍然存在的, 变间接引语时, 时态保持不变。

例如: The boy said to us, “I usually get up at six every day.” →The boy told us he usually gets up at six every day.

③直接引语如果有明确的表示过去的时间状语,时态不变。

例如: He said to me, “I was born in 1978.”→He told me that he was born in 1978. ④直接引语中凡有 when, since, while 引导的从句,在变为间接引语时,只改变主句时态,从句的时态不变。

例如: He said, “I have stud English since I was a boy.” →He said he had stud English since he was a boy. She said, “I read the book while I was waiting for a bus.” →She said she had read the book while she was waiting for a bus. Mr. Green said to them, “Joe told me all about his story when he asked for a job.” →Mr. Green told them Joe had told him all about his story when he asked for a job. 4.直接引语变为间接引语时,指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化 (1)指示代词的变化为 this→that, these→those 等; (2)时间状语的变化为 now→then, today→that day, yesterday→the day before, tomorrow→the next day 等; (3)地点状语的变化为 here→there;动词的变化为 come→go(go 不要变 come) 。

例如: ①She said, “I will come this evening.” →She said that she would go that evening. ②He said, “My sister was here three days ago, but she is not here now.” →He said that his sister had been there three days before, but she was not there then. ◎如果就在当地转述,here 不必变为 there,come 不必改为 go。

如果就在当天转述,则 today, yesterday, tomorrow 等状语也不必变化。

例如:She said to us, “I’ll come here tomorrow.”→She told us she would come here tomorrow. 将表示请求或祈使的直接引语改为间接引语: 当直接引语引号里的内容表示要求时用 tell sb (not) to do sth 当直接引语引号里的内容表示请求时用 ask sb (not) to do sth 当直接引语引号里的内容表示强制要求时用 order sb (not) to do sth 例句:①Turn on the light,please!→He asked me ②“Don’t move!”→He told me . ③He said to Mary, “Will you tell me the way to get to the Hotel?” →He asked 在直接引语中 指示代词 this these now today yesterday last week tomorrow next year two days ago here 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 一般过去时 过去完成时 一般将来时 can/may must come bring 在间接引语中 that those then that day the day before the week before the next day the next year two days before there 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去完成时/不变 不变 过去将来时 could/might must/had to go take 时间状语 地点状语 动词时态 动词变化

练习 一、 选出正确的答案 1. He asked, “How are you getting along?” →He asked _______. A. how am I getting along B. how are you getting along C. how I was getting along D. how was I getting along 2. He asked me ________ with me. A. what the matter is B. what the mater was C. what’s the matter D. what was the matter 3. He said, “Don’t do that again.” He _____ me _______ that again. A. said to me; not to do B. said to me; don’t do C. told me; don’t do D. told me; not to do 4. Can you make sure ___________? A. that he will come here today B. when he will come here today C. will he come here today D. whether he will come here today 5. Do you happen to know ________? A. where is her address B. in which place is her address C. what her address is D. the place her address is 6. Excuse me, but can you tell me ___________? A. where can I get to the library B. where I can get to the library C. how can I get to the library D. how I can get to the library 7. John asked me _______ to visit his uncle’s farm with him. A. how would I like B. if or not would I like C. whether I would like D. which I would like 8. “Please close the window,” he said to me. →He ______ me _____ the window. A. said to; to close B. told to; closing C. asked to close D. said to; please close 9. “I am a teacher,” Jack said. →He said _________. A. that I am a teacher B. I was a teacher C. that he is a teacher D. he was a teacher 10. “You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked. she asked ________. A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you B. whether I had already got well C. have I already got well D. had I already got well. 11. I don’t know ____ to learn English. A. when did he begin B. when he began C. he when began D. when he begins 12. He asked me ____. A. how would the weather be like tomorrow B. what the weather would be like the next day C. how the weather would be like tomorrow D. what would the weather be like the next day 13. You can’t imagine ____ when they received these nice Spring Festival presents. A. how excited they were B. how excited were they C. how they were excited D. they were how excited 14. She told me that she ____ by her relatives at the bus stop. A. had been seen off B. have seen off C. have been seen off D. had seen off 15. Do you remember how many times ____ to Australia? A. had you been B. did you go C. have you been D. you have been 16. Can you guess ____? A. what is that man B. who that man is C. whom that man is D. who is that man 17. More and more students and teachers have began to know ____. A. how important the foreign language are B. how the foreign language is important C. how important the foreign language is D. how important is the foreign language 18. The hostess said that it ___ time that they ___ supper. A. was; had B. was; had had C. is; have D. is; have had 19. The boss asked his secretary ____ he had finished typing the report ____. A. if; or not B. if; not C. whether; or not D. whether; not 20. I wonder how much _____. A. does he spend on his car B. did he spend on his car C. he spent on his car D. he spent in his car 二、将所给直接引语变为间接引语,每空一词:

1. “I never eat meat.” he said. → He said that ______ never ______ meat. 2. “I’ve found my wallet.” he said to me. →He ______ me that he ______ ______ ______ wallet. 3. “I took it home with me.” she said. →She said that ______ ______ _______ it home with her. 4. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.” →The teacher said that the sun ______ in the east and ______ down in the west. 5.“I met her yesterday.” he said to me. →He ______ me that he ______ met the day ______. 6.“You must come here before five.” he said. →He said that I ______ to go ______ before five. 7. “I bought the house 10 years ago.” he said. →He said that he _______ bought the house 10 years _______. 8. “Did you see her last week?” he said. →He ______ ______ I had seen her the week _______. 9. He said, “You can sit here, Jim.”→He ______ Jim that he ______ sit there 10. He asked, “How did you find it, mother?” →He asked her mother ______ ______ ______ found it. 11. “Where have you been these days?” he asked. →He asked me _______ _______ _______been _______ days. 12. “Do you know where she lives?” he asked. →He asked ______ ______ knew where she ______. 13. “Stop making so much noise, children.” he said. →He ______ the children ______ ______ making so much noise. 14. “Don’t tell him the news.” she said. →She told me _______ ______ ______ him the news. 15. “Are you interested in this?” he said.→ He ______ ______ I was interested in ______. 三、将下列直接引语改为间接引语 1.He said: “I’ve left my book in my room.” → 2.She said: “He will be busy.” → 3.She said to Tom, “Can you help me?” → 4.She asked, “Is this book yours or his?” → 5.The teacher asked, “how did you repair it?” → 6.The teacher said to the students, “Don’t waste your time.” → 7.The mother said, “Tom, get up early, please.” → 8.The teacher said, “The earth goes round the sun.” → 9.My father said, “Practice makes perfect.” → 10.The boy said to us, “ I usually get up at six every day.” →

相关内容
  • 直接引语和间接引语专项练习答案

    直接引语和间接引语专项练习答案

    直接引语和间接引语专项练习答案...

  • 直接引语和间接引语课件(详细)

    直接引语和间接引语课件(详细)

    直接引语和间接引语课件(详细)...

  • 直接引语和间接引语用法讲解

    直接引语和间接引语用法讲解

    直接引语和间接引语用法讲解...

  • 直接引语和间接引语课件

    直接引语和间接引语课件

    直接引语和间接引语课件...

  • 初中英语语法-直接引语和间接引语

    初中英语语法-直接引语和间接引语

    初中英语语法-直接引语和间接引语...

  • 直接引语和间接引语的互换

    直接引语和间接引语的互换

    直接引语和间接引语的互换...

  • 直接引语和间接引语课件详细

    直接引语和间接引语课件详细

    直接引语和间接引语课件详细...

  • 高一英语直接引语和间接引语

    高一英语直接引语和间接引语

    高一英语直接引语和间接引语...

  • 八年级英语直接引语和间接引语

    八年级英语直接引语和间接引语

    八年级英语直接引语和间接引语...

  • 高考英语直接引语和间接引语1

    高考英语直接引语和间接引语1

    高考英语直接引语和间接引语1...

  • 网友在搜
    ipad 4g 能收短信吗 fifa online3队徽包 little water 乐队 pppd-094 mangent 微分 x 1 2 be strict with team www.jschangshun.com 太阳与婚神(冲) pa12 grilamid lv 3h 如何判断孔雀鱼生完了 Zozowown app 显卡论坛 Chaosmyth gtp bluegogo上海有吗 弯头尺寸表 皇家德州圈安卓 jsoncpp 乱码 300maan 055 下载 大帝解说优酷空间 曼联现役球员名单 oracle 字符串 数组 重渡沟轿轿夫抬帅哥 the island1攻略第三章 who likes being mean 威利里德吧 441和1449个哪个对 ysl圆管哪个色号最好看 改写bios添加uefi功能 nginx https 证书 临武李浩 i need healing语音 测试是否有抑郁症的题 桃色香居 电影好看站 布希维克讲的什么 jav hd asian videos 离随州近点的旅游景点 怎么拉黑对方手机号码 寝室被子潮湿怎么办 halo2重制版 god knows什么意思 平板壁纸卡通高清壁纸 国内itunes reputation 洗衣机工作原理图 guava 定时刷新 penny4复刻做工 上海地震刚刚地震了 夏洛特烦恼话剧百度云 little nightmares图文 etc-052番号 a7rm3 A9对比

    All Right Reserved 知识库

    声明:本站内容源于网络,出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述。文章内容仅供参考,请咨询相关专业人士。

    如果无意之中侵犯了您的版权,或有意见、反馈或投诉等情况 网站地图 网站栏目