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2017上海暑期英语七升八语法-现在完成时学生版

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精锐教育 1 对 3 辅导讲义 学员姓名: 年 级:七升八 授课日期 主 题 2017 年 7 月 11 日 现在完成时 1.掌握现在完成时的基本概念及相关的时间状语; 2.正确区分现在完成时和一般过去时; 3.能在具体的语境中正确地运用现在完成时。

教学内容 学科教师: 辅导科目:英语 时 间 15:00-17:00 学习目标 重点词汇语法讲评 【知识梳理 1】 1. 现在完成时的用法一:表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。

此时,常与 时间副词 already(已经) , yet(还、已经) , just (刚刚、仅仅 ), before(以前)等连用。

My daughter has just gone out. 我女儿刚出去。

I’ m sure we ’ ve met before. 我肯定我们以前见过面。

She has arrived. 她到了。

2. 现在完成时的用法二:表示开始于过去动作或状态持续到现在甚至将来。

常和 since+ 时间点、for+ 一 段时间、 recently、 lately、 so far, in the past few years 等连用。

由于动作或状态始于过去持续到现在甚 至将来,因此要和持续性动词连用。

We haven’t seen you recently. They have been away for two years. Great changes have taken place in my hometown in the past few years. 3. 现在完成时的用法三 :表示过去的一个时间到现在这段时间内重复发生的动作,常和 never、 ever、 once、 twice、 three times..... 等连用,表示经验。

I have never been to Beijing before. Jane has rung me three times today. 基本结构 句型 肯定句 否定句 一般疑问句 特殊疑问句 基本结构 have/has+ done have/has not+ done Have/Has…done Wh-/How…have/has done 例句 I have stud English for 5 years. I haven’t stud English for 5 years . Have you stud English for 5 years? Where have you stud English for 5 years? 1 / 18

【例题精讲】 例 1. A: How long __________ in Beijing? B: A whole week since last Thursday. A) was he A) stops A.got, has worked A. will come.., feels A. change B) will he stay B) is stopping B.got ,worked C) has he stayed C) stopped C.gets, has worked D) did he stay D) has stopped D. gets ,is working D. comes.., feels D. would change 例 2. Look! The rain________. Let's start out at once. 例 3. Since he _____the project ,he _____on it for a few days. 例 4. He wants to know if Jenny _____________ tomorrow if she _____________ better. B. will come.., will feel C. comes.., will feel B. have changed C. will change 例 5. Computers our life greatly since they came into use many years ago. 【巩固练习】 1. Both his parents look sad . Maybe they _________what's happened to him . A. knew A. already A. just A. is writing B. have known B.never B. ago B.was writing C. must know C.ever C.before C.wrote D.will know D.still D. a moment ago D.has written 2. He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he? 3. Have you met Mr. Li ______? 4. The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two years. 5. -Our country ______ a lot so far . -Yes . I hope it will be even ______ . A. has changed ; well C. has changed ; better A. was ; studying A. know A. will see B. will ; study B. had known B. have seen B. changed ; good D. changed ; better C. has ; stud C. have known C. saw D. are ; studying D. knew D.see 6. Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years . 7. We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl. 8. Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice . 9. -These farmers have been to the United States . -Really? When _____ there? A. will they go B. did they go C. do they go D. have they gone 10. -______ you ___ your homework yet? -Yes. I _____ it a moment ago. A. Did ; do ; finished B. Have ; done ; finished 2 / 18

C. Have ; done ; have finished 11. His father ______ the Party since 1978 . A. joined 12. -Do you know him well ? B. has joined D. will ; do ; finish C. was in D. has been in - Sure .We _________ friends since ten years ago . A. were -About two months. A. been A. has begun A. is A.has gone A. have been in A. so they A. How soon, comes 20. His uncle A. has come here C. has lived there B. gone B. had begun B. has B. went B. have been to B. don't they B. How often, got C. come C. has been on C. will C.will go C. have gone to C. have they to China? D. How far, arrived C. How long, came B. has started to work D. has left the university D. arrived D. began D. was D. has been D. have been D. haven't they 14. Hurry up! The play __________ for ten minutes. 15. It _____ ten years since he left the army. 16. Miss Green isn't in the office. she_______ to the library . 17. My parents ______ Shandong for ten years. 18. The students have cleaned the classroom, _______? 19. has Mr. White been a member of Greener China since he for more than 9 years. B. have been C. have become D. have made 13. -How long have you ____ here ? 【知识梳理 2】 现在完成时标志词 标志词 for, since already, just 例句 Mary has been ill for three days. I have lived here since 1998. He has already obtained a scholarship. They have just come back from New York. They haven’t met their new class teacher yet, ever yet. Has she ever been to some other countries? 3 / 18 备注 for+一段时间 since+时间点 用于肯定句 用于否定、疑问句

never once, **times twice, I have never heard of that man before. “从不”; “从来没有” 辨析 :have been to; have gone to; have been in I have been to the U.S. twice. 标志词 recently, lately up so far in the past few years to these days/months/years 中文释义 “近期,最近” “到…为止” “迄今为止” “近几年” 例句 I haven’t seen much of him recently/lately. Up to now everything has been successful. Peter has written six papers so far. The relations between us have been enhanced in the past few years. 【例题精讲】 I. 用过去时或现在完成时填空: 1. ―_________ you __________ (have) lunch?‖ ―Yes.‖ ―When ________ you __________ (have) it?‖ ―I ____________ (have) it at 12:00.‖ 2. ―_________ you __________ (write) a letter to your aunt yet?‖ ―Yes, I ___________. I ________________ (write) one last week.‖ 3. ―_________ he ___________ (finish) his homework?‖ ―Not yet.‖ 4. ―_________ they ever __________ (be) abroad?‖ ―Yes, just once.‖ 5. Your father _________ just ___________ (finish) his work. 6. Your father _________ (finish) his work just now. 7. Last term I __________ (learn) many English words. 8. They ____________ (not read) the interesting books yet. 9. He _____________ never ____________ (go) to the science museum. 10. ____________ you ever ____________ (drink) coke? 【巩固练习】 I. Choose the best answer. 1. —_________ you ever _________ for a newspaper? —Yes. I think it's a good experience for me. A. Do, write A has gone to A. take place B. Have, written B has been to B. took place C. Will, write C went C. have taken place D. Did, write D will go to D. were taking place 2. My aunt isn’t here. She _______ Beijing on business.She will be back in three days. 3. Great changes _________ in our hometown in the past five years. 4. When I saw David yesterday, he ______ to the music with an earphone. 4 / 18

A. listened B. has listened C. was listening D. had listened 5. —I’d like you to tell me something about Shen Nongjia. —I’m sorry, but neither Jack nor I ____ there. A. have been A. d A. went; had gone C. went; has been 8. —your son ______a camera? —No. He ______one this summer vacation. A. Has.. .bought; will buy C. Does ...buy; bought 9. –Where is your uncle? -- He ______ to Hong Kong. He will come back in two weeks. A has been --- Oh, sorry. I ______ it. A. hadn’t seen B. won’t see C. don’t see D. didn’t see B had been C has gone D went 10. --- This is a no-left-turn area. Don’t you see the sign? B. Did...buy; bought D. Does ...buy; will buy B. had been B. die C. have gone C. dying D. has gone D. have d 6. So far more than 10 people ______ in the car accident. 7. Julie's father ________ to London last month. He ________ there three times. B. has gone; has been D. has been; had gone II. Complete the sentences with the given words in the proper forms. 1. The old man _________ last year. Hefor a year. (die) 2. This factory opened twenty years ago.(同义句转换) This factory ________ __________ __________for twenty years. 3. Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同义句转换) Miss Gao ________ _______ ________ an hour ago. 4. Her mother has been a Party member for three years .(同义句) Her mother _______ the Party three years ________. 5. The Green Family moved to France two years ago. (同义句转换) _______ two years ________ the Green family moved to France. 【知识梳理 3】现在完成时难点 & 易错点 have been to, have gone to, have been in 5 / 18

【巩固练习】 用 have/has been to/in, have gone to 及 go 的各种形式填空。

1) Where is Jack? He __________ his country. 2) David ________ the park just now. 3) John _______ England since he came back. 4) How long _____ they _____ this village? 5) The Smiths ______ Beijing for years. 6) _____ you ever ____ America? -- Yes, I _____ there many times. 7) I _____ this school since three years ago. 8) Where is Jim? He _____ the farm. 9) When_____ he _____? He _______ an hour ago. 10) Would you like to _____ the zoo with me? ---Yes, but I _____ there before. 持续性动词 VS. 短暂性动词 短暂性表达 have borrowed have bought have left have begun have opened have joined 【巩固练习】 I. Choose the best answer. 1. The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two years. A. is writing A. has left A. joined B. was writing B. had left B. have joined C. wrote C. has been away C. have been in 6 / 18 例句 I have borrowed a book from her. They have bought some new books. We have left school. The movie has begun when we arrived. The park near my home has opened. My friends and I have joined the Party. 持续性表达 have kept have had have away have been on have open have been in been been 例句 I have kept the book for three days. I have had the new book for three days. I have been away for three days. The movie has been on for three hours. The park has been open for three days. I have been in the Party for ten days. D. has written D. had been away D. have taken part in 2. When he arrived at the bus stop, the bus ________ for 20 minutes. 3. I ______ the League for 5 years so far.

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