知识库

定语从句讲义

网站:知识库   来源:网络收集

定 语 从 句 定语从句也称为形容词性从句,它在句子中修饰名词或代词,起形容词的作用。

被定语从句修饰的名 词或代词叫做先行词。

定语从句必须放在先行词之后。

定语从句由关系代词,关系副词来引导。

关系代词, 关系副词有三个作用:① 起到连接主从句的作用 ② 代替先行词 ③ 在定语从句中作成分。

定语从句分为两类:限制性定语从句、非限制性定语从句。

①限制性定语从句 限制性定语从句是主句中的先行词不可缺少的定语,关系十分密切,不可用逗号与主句分开,译成汉 语时通常把从句译在先行词之前。

定语从句中谓语动词的人称和数应与先行词一致。

This is the doctor who saved the boy’s life.这就是挽救了这个男孩生命的医生。

Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle.玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。

(that 作主语) The coat(that)I put on the desk is blue.我放在桌子上的那件外套是蓝色的。

(that 作宾语) ②非限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句只对主句中先行词作附加说明,关系不密切,如果省去从句,主句所表达的概念依 然明确、完整。

非限制性定语从句要用逗号与主句分开,不能用 that 连接。

Lei Feng, who served the people heart and soul, set a good example to all of us. 考点一 引导限制性定语从句的有关系代词 who, whom, whose, that, which,(见下表) , 还有关系副词 when, where, why. ①限制性定语从句所用的关系代词 指人 主格(主语) 宾格(宾语) 所有格(定语) (表语) This is a book which tells about space rocket technology. I live in the house whose windows face south. Tom is not the boy that he used to be. 注意:指物时, “whose+名词”结构常可以用“the+名词+of which”或“of which +the +名词”结构来替 换,并且意思相同。

I live in the house whose windows face south. = I live in the house the windows of which face south. = I live in the house of which the windows face south. ②关系副词 where, when, why 可以用来引导定语从句, 并且在定语从句中作状语。

这些副词可以替换成 “介 词+关系代词” 。

例如: The office where he works is on the second floor. The office in which he works is on the second floor.他的办公室就在三楼。

The days when the Chinese people were oppressed are gone forever. 中国人民受压迫的日子一去不复返 The days in which the Chinese people were oppressed are gone forever 了。

I don’t know the reason why he didn’t come to school yesterday. I don’t know the reason for which he didn’t come to school yesterday.我不知道他昨天不来上学的原因。

指物 是否可省略 用适当的关系词填空: 1. I still remember the night _______I first came to the house. 2. I’ll never forget the day________ we met each other last week. 3. Mr Black is going to Beijing in October, _______is the best season there. 1

4. I will never forget the days _______I spent with your family. 5. I’ll never forget the last day______ we spent together. 6. This is the school ______I used to study. 7. Do you still remember the place______ we visited last week? 8. Do you still remember the place_______ we visited the painting exhibition? 9. Have you ever been to Hangzhou,_____is famous for the West Lake? 10. Have you ever been to Hangzhou, ______lies the West Lake? 11. Tom will go to Shanghai,______live his two brothers. 12. I live in Beijing,____is the capital of China. 13. There was a time ______there were slaves in the USA. 考点二 只用 that 不用 which 的情况 1)被修饰的先行词既是人又是物。

例如: They talked about the factories and workers that they had visited.他们谈论着他们参观过的工厂和访问过的人。

2)被修饰的先行词是 any, few, none, all, much, little, everything, anything, nothing, none, the one 等不定代词 时。

例如: I am interested in all that you have told me.我对你告诉我的一切都感兴趣。

There isn’t much that I can do. He is one of the few that can work it out in five minutes. 3) 先行词前面有形容词最高级或被形容词最高级修饰时。

例如: This is the best book that I have ever read.这是我读过的最好的一本书。

This book is the best that I have read. 4)先行词前有 the only, the very, the last 及序数词修饰时。

例如: The only thing that we can do is to ask our teachers’ help.我们唯一能做的事是请老师帮助我们。

Is this the very museum that you visited the other day? The first English film that I saw was “Oliver Twist”.我看的第一部英文电影是“雾都孤儿” 。

When foreigners talk about China, the first that comes to mind is the Great Wall.当外国人谈起中国时, 首先想到 的是长城。

5) 当先行词被 the same 修饰,且指“同一物品”时。

如: She is wearing the same dress that she wore yesterday. 6)关系代词在定语从句中作表语时。

如: This is no longer the place that it used to be. He is not the man that he was. 7)当主句是以 who, which 开头的特殊疑问句或先行词是 who 时。

如: Which is the book that he bought yesterday? Who that you have ever seen can beat him in the game? 考点三 定语从句的关系代词指人时不宜用 that 而宜用 who 的情况。

1)先行词为 one, ones 或 anyone 时。

例如:Anyone who wants to go to college must study hard.谁要想上大学,必须努力学习。

2)先行词为 those 时。

例如:Those who were not fit for their work could not see the beautiful clothes made of the magic cloth. 考点四 用 as 作关系代词的定语从句 1.as 作关系代词既可以指人也可以指物,引导限制性定语从句。

常用于下列结构中: 2

such...as(像……之类的) ,the same...as(和……同样的) ,so… as…. , as… as…,句型。

例如: This is not such a computer as I need.这不是我所需要的计算机。

I live in the same city as she (lives in).我和她住在同一个城市里。

He can lift so heavy a stone as no one else can.(他能搬动别人搬不动的那块石头) You can take as many books as you need.(你需要多少书就拿多少书) 2.as 引导非限制性定语从句。

单个关系代词 as 引导的非限制性定语从句,常用来说明整个主句,作“正 如” 、 “像……那样”解释。

例如: As anyone can see, the educated youth are very happy.任何人都可以看出来,知识青年们很快乐。

As was usual with her, she went out for a walk after she got up.她像通常一样,起床后出去散步了。

as/which 引导的非限制性定语从句的区别: ①位置不同____________________________________________________________________________ ②指代不同_____________________________________________________________________________ ③语意不同_____________________________________________________________________________ She was quite right, as Harry soon discovered. As is known to us all, China is a developing country. He bought his sister a big toy, which delighted her greatly. He bought a new car,which cost him a lot of money. 考点五 介词与关系代词 1. 与关系代词搭配的介词的确定 ______________________________________________________________________________________ 1.I bought a great many books, on which I spent all my money . 2.I will never forget the day on which I joined the army. 3.The colorless gas without which we can not live is called oxygen. 注意:英语中有时为了强调某一名词,不定式前也可加上关系词。

Here is the money with which to buy a piano.(=Here is the money with which we can buy a piano) She is the right person on whom to depend.(=She is the right person whom we can depend on.) 练习:1.Frank’s dream was to have his own shop____________ to produce the workings of his own hands. A. that B. in which C. by which D. how 2.The professor can hardly find sufficient grounds______ his argument in favor of the new theory. A. which to base on B. on which to base C. to base on which D. which to be based on 2.关系代词作介词的宾语时,介词的位置 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ①The athlete to whom you talked is a famous lone-distance runner. ②The person whom you just talked to is Mr Li. ③Is this the watch which he is looking for? ④The old man whom the nurses are looking after is very well now. ⑤The city that she lives in is very fare away. 3.“名词/数词/代词+介词+关系代词”结构常见的形式有: 名 词 /one/two…/some/none/all/both/several/many/most/a few/ a little/the+ 比 较 级 /the+ 最 高 级 …+ of + which/whom. 如:There are a lot of books here, none of which belongs to me. Yesterday Mary bought a few clothes, all of which were expensive. 考点六 定语从句的主谓一致 3

1.________________________________________________________________________________________ The recorder that has been given to me is working. I,whom ________ your classmate, will share the work with you. 2.________________________________________________________________________________________ He is one of the students who____(have/has) made great progress. Mr. Wang is the only one of my friends who ________(have/has) been invited to have dinner with us. 考点七 定语从句的插入语现象 I suggest you choose someone who you think is kind and friendly. You should give a ring to Tom first, who I’m afraid will not come. 练习:This is Mr White,_________I think has something interesting to tell you. A.which B. whom C. that D. who Helen is much more kind to her youngest child than to the others,______, of course, makes the others unhappy. A. who B. which C. she D. that 考点八 定语从句的倒装现象 ________________________________________________________________________________________ 如:They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy. I saw a man, on the head of whom stood a bird. We got to a farmhouse, where lived an old farmer and his son. 考点九 分隔定语从句 _________________________________________________________________________________________ The days are gone when we suffered so much. The boss of the company, whose name is Mr. Little, told the story. 考点十 “地点模糊”的先行词,后跟 where 引导的定语从句 _________________________________________________________________________________________ He has reached the point where a change is needed. Can you think of a situation where this word can be used? 练习 After graduation she reached a point in his career______ she needed to decided what to do. A. that B. what C. which D. where 考点十一 定语从句的一种特殊考察方式 ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ The role that he ________ in the activity was pretty important. A. took B. played C. made D. acted You can’t imagine the difficulty I had______ the way to the station. A. to find B. in finding C. with finding D. found 练习:In western society, the part_________ church plays in people’s life is very important. A. where B. that C. when D. how The advantage human being have to ______ the sun is worth discussing. A. do with B. play with C. take of D. have on ---Can you still remember that old woman? 4

----Sure, we’ll never forget the good care she_______us. A. made of B. took of C. gave to D. offered to 语法专题(定语从句) 1The man pulled out a gold watch, __ were made of small diamonds. A the hands of whom B whom the hands of C which the hands of D the hands of which 2 Such a book __ you showed me is difficult to understand. A that B which C the one D as 3 I have never heard so strange a story __ he told us. A that B which C / D as 4 He was educated at the local high school, __ he went on to Beijing University. A after which B after that C in which D in that C as D which 5 He is late, __ is often the case . A it B what 6 There is no one in our class __ wants to help you. A but B when C where D why 7 He owns a little shop which sells a lot of goods __ are necessary to the people __ are living nearby. A which, who B that,/ C which,/ D that, who 8 --- Do you have anything in mind __ you’d like to have for dinner? --- Well, anything is OK for me. A that B which C what D where 9 Who __ has common sense will believe such nonsense? A that B who C which D but 10 Occasions are quite rare __ I have the time to spend a day with my kids A who B which C why D when 11 You’ll have to wait for one more week, __ the manager will be back from his trip. A before B when C as D until 12 I shall never forget those years__ I lived in the country,__ has a great effect on my life. A that, which B when, which C which, that D when, who 13 I work in a business __ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A how B which C where D that 14 --- I can’t find Mr. Smith. Where did you meet him this morning? --- It was in his office __ he worked. A where B which C that D the one 15 Now children like to go to the fast food restaurant, __ as the name says, eating doesn’t take much time. A which B that C what D where 16 The reason __ she gives for not coming to the party is that her mother won’t let her. A what B why C as D which 17 This is the reason __ he is leaving now. A as B which C why D what 18 Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes __ people were eaten by the tiger. A in which B by which C which 5 D that

19 There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, __ five are mine. A on which B in which C of which D from which 20 The professor can hardly find sufficient grounds __ his argument in favor of the new theory. A which to base on B on which to base C to base on which D which to be based on 21 By nine o’clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma,__ appeared a rare rainbow soon. A of which B on which C from which D above which 23 This is the small house less than 15 square meters, under __ roof lives a large family of three generations. A which B that C its D whose 24 Anyway, that evening, __ I’ll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel’s place. A when B where C what D which 25 In the office I never seem to have time until after 5:30p.m., __ many people have gone home. A whose time B on which C that D by which time 26 He is the only one of the students who __ a winner of scholarship for three years. A is B are C have been D has been 27 This is Mr. White, __ I think has something interesting to tell you. A which B whom C that D who 28 Yesterday I went to a town, __ stands a huge monument. A where B that C who D where 29 It is the third time __ I have come to China. A when B that C in which D which 30 --- Do you have anything to say for yourselves? ---Yes, there is one point __ we must insist on. A why B where C how D / 31 In western society, the part __ church plays in people’s life is very important. A where B that C when D how 32 The advantage human beings have to __ the sun is worth discussing. A do with B play with C take of D have on 33 --- Can you still remember that old woman? --- Sure, we’ll never forget the good care she ___ us. A made of B took of C gave to D offered to 34 His sister has become a lawyer, __ she wanted to be. A who B that C what D which 35 I have many friends, __ some are teachers. A of them B from which C who of D of whom 36 Those houses are sold at such a low price __ people expected. A like B as C that 37 The result is not the same __ they had expected , __ was rather disappointing. A which, as B as, that C that, which D as, which D which 38 She took the police back to __ place __ she witnessed the robbery. A same, as B the same, where C same, that D the same, when 6

相关内容
  • 定语从句  讲义

    定语从句 讲义

    定语从句 讲义...

  • 定语从句专项讲义

    定语从句专项讲义

    定语从句专项讲义...

  • 定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句大作战讲义

    定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句大作战讲义

    定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句大作战讲义...

  • 网友在搜
  • 定语从句
  • 定语从句1
  • 定语从句2
  • 英语定语从句思维导图
  • 定语从句表格
  • 定语从句教案
  • 定语从句练习
  • 定语从句例句
  • 定语从句板书
  • 定语从句翻译
  • 荣威350能跑多快 二手mecco 成都焊工证办理 修订 断线钳价格 康普雷斯a座出售 2018小寒节气养生 gtx970 gta5 全高 hey d c block 电表 err3 知乎 厉害的人 被拒绝了 日语 杨振宁评价霍金 新维加斯ak ar 使徒行传26章亮光 51200 87 4 ps cs6绿色版精简版 meneca barbie 综漫 安作者 梦裳宛 敏感数据加密 java python 列表排序 sort process trip the hut group 售假 地铁魔女3中文字 carolofthebells百度云 wifi多少m b85 z87 z97的区别 solid soccer 匹配 林奇甘肃成县 creo怎么环形阵列 b612下载安装 wix域名绑定网站 泰昌2059 冷たくならない 怪物大师15 一加5 root解锁bl win10 播放avi黑屏 word制作多张表格 metalk Metalk热点 新浪邮箱人工客服 冒险岛 飞镖点装 think python 2e 中文 高阳县 天正怎么删除约束

    All Right Reserved 知识库

    声明:本站内容源于网络,出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述。文章内容仅供参考,请咨询相关专业人士。

    如果无意之中侵犯了您的版权,或有意见、反馈或投诉等情况 网站地图 网站栏目